The Influence of Cooperation Elements on the Joint R&D Performance: Focused on IT R&D Project

공동연구성과에 협력요소가 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: IT R&D를 중심으로

  • Oh, Jin-Hwan (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institutes) ;
  • Koo, Hoonyoung (School of Business, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2017.12.13
  • Accepted : 2018.01.09
  • Published : 2018.02.28


This study analyzed the causal relationship between cooperation elements and the performance of joint R&D and verified the mediating effect of collaborative efforts. Cooperation elements consist of strategic agreement, complementation of resources, trust and absorption capacity, and influence the intention to participate in the joint R&D. The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of the cooperation elements and collaborative efforts on the short-term and long-term performance of the joint R&D. The results are summarized as follows: First, it is verified that strategic agreement, complementation of resources, trust and absorption capacity constitute the second order factor of cooperation elements, which positively affects the joint R&D performance. Second, it is verified that collaborative effort play a role as a mediating factor in the relationship between joint R&D performance and cooperation elements. Specifically, it was confirmed that positive effects on short-term performance of the joint R&D can be increased through cooperative efforts. However, in the case of long-term performance, the effects of collaborative efforts could not be confirmed.

공동연구 참여기관의 협력요소와 공동연구성과 간의 인과관계를 협력적 노력의 매개효과와 함께 분석하였다. 협력요소는 공동연구성과의 영향요인으로 사용되는 전략적 합의, 자원 보완성, 신뢰, 흡수역량으로 구성된 2차 요인이다. 공동연구성과에 대한 영향을 분석함에 있어 공동연구 참여를 결정하는 요인인 협력요소와 공동연구 수행 과정에서 성과에 영향을 줄 수 있는 협력적 노력을 구분하고자 하였다. 즉, 공동연구 수행 전과 수행 과정의 영향요인이 공동연구성과에 어떠한 영향을 주는지 구분하여 분석하고자 하였다. 결과를 종합하면 첫째, 전략적 합의, 자원 보완성, 신뢰, 흡수역량은 협력요소라는 2차 요인으로 구성하는 것이 적합하며, 협력요소는 장기 및 단기 공동연구성과 모두에 정의 유의한 영향을 갖는다. 둘째, 협력적 노력은 협력요소와 단기적 공동연구성과의 유의한 매개효과를 갖는다. 그러나, 장기적 공동연구성과에 대한 매개효과는 검증되지 않았다. 즉, 협력요소는 공동연구 참여의도를 높이고 공동연구성과에 긍적적 영향을 주지만, 협력적 노력은 단기적 성과에만 긍정적 영향을 줄 수 있음을 보여준다.



Supported by : 충남대학교


  1. Anderson, J. C. and Narus, J. A., "A Model of the distributor's Perspective of distributor manufacturer working relationship," Journal of Marketing, Vol. 48, pp. 62-74, 1984.
  2. Beamish, P. W., "The characteristics of joint ventures in developed and developing counties," Columbia Journal of World Business, 1985.
  3. Child, J. and Faulkner, D., Strategies of Cooperation: Managing Alliances, Networks, and Joint Ventures, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
  4. Contractor, F. J. and Lorange, P., Why should firms cooperate? The strategy and economics basis for cooperative ventures, Cooperative Strategies in International Business, Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, pp. 3-28, 1988.
  5. Dietrickx, I. and Cool K., “Asset stock accumulation and sustain ability of competitive advantage,” Management Science, Vol. 35, No. 12, pp. 1504-1511, 1989.
  6. Doz, Y. L. and Hamel G., Alliance advantage: The Art of Creating Value through Partnering, Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1998.
  7. Fornell, C. and D. F. Larcker, “Evaluating Structural Evaluation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error,” Journal of Marketing Research, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 39-50, 1981.
  8. Fukuyama, F., Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity, New York: Free Press, 1995.
  9. Geringer, J. M. and Hebert, L., “Measuring performance of international joint ventures,” Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 235-254, 1991.
  10. Geringer, J. M., Joint venture partner selection: Strategies for developed countries, Westport, Conn.: Quorum Books, 1988.
  11. Guiltinan, J., Ismail, P., Rejab, B., and Rodgers, W. C., “Factors Influencing Coordination in a Franchise Channel,” Journal of Retailing, Vol. 56, No. 3, pp. 41-58, 1980.
  12. Hwang, S., "Economic Evaluation Methodology of R&D Project Considering Strategic Flexibility," Science and Technology Policy Institute, 2006.
  13. Hwang, S., R&D efficiency analysis and improvement plan of National R&D project, Science and Technology Policy Institute, 2009.
  14. Jang, J., Development of methodology for productivity analysis of basic science R&D investment, Institute of Science and Technology Policy, 2003.
  15. Jansen, J. JP., Van Den Bosch, F. A. J. and Volberda, H. W., “Managing potential and realized absorptive capacity: How do organizational antecedents matter?,” Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 48, No. 6, pp. 999-1015, 2005.
  16. Jung, C., "The Impact of Information Technology Utilization on Corporate Performance in Inter-firm Relationships," Ph. D. thesis, Chonnam National University Graduate School, 2008.
  17. Kim, Gimun, “Investigating the Validity of Trust Conceptualization Approaches in Information Systems Research,” Internet e-commerce research, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 137-156, 2013.
  18. Lee, E., "The Effects of Relational Factors on Financial Performance: Relative Citizens' Behavior and Cooperative Efforts," Master's Thesis, Korea University, 2010.
  19. Lee, J., National Research and Development Investment Monitoring Project Report, Science and Technology Policy Institute, 2010.
  20. Lee, S., "A Study on the Effect of Trust, Organizational Capability and Security on Performance in Joint R&D," Master Thesis, Hanyang University, 2005.
  21. Lichtenthaler, U., “Absorptive capacity, environmental turbulence, and the complementarity of Organizational learning processes,” Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 52, No. 4, pp. 822-846, 2009.
  22. Madhok, A., "Cost, value and foreign market entry mode The transaction and the firm," Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 18, 36-61, 1997.
  23. Mayer, R. and Davis, J., “The Effect of the Performance Appraisal System on Trust for Management: A Field Quasi-Experiment,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 84, No. 1, pp. 123-137, 1999.
  24. Moon, H. J., "The relationship between absorption capacity, knowledge acquisition, and innovation performance," Master's Thesis, Kyungbook National University, 2010.
  25. Mora-Valentin, E., Montoro-Sanchez, A., and Guerras-Martin, L., “Determining factors in the success of R&D cooperative agreements between firms and research organizations,” Research Policy, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 17-40, 2004.
  26. National Science and Technology Council, Research, analysis and report of 2011 national research and development project, 2012.
  27. National Science and Technology Council, Research, analysis and report of 2012 national research and development project, 2013.
  28. Nunnally, J. C., Psychonometric Theory, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978.
  29. Oh, J. and H. Koo, “Mediating Effect of Adjustment Function and Moderation Effect of Dedicated Organizations in Relation to Characteristics of Collaborative R & D and Re-Participation Intention,” Korea Institute of Industrial Economics and Trade, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 53-80, 2014.
  30. Park, Y., "A Study on the Participation Factors of Industry-University Cooperation for Joint Technology Development," Ph.D. Thesis, Korea Institute of Technology, 2008.
  31. Pruitt, Dean G., Negotiation Behavior, New York: Academic Press, 1981.
  32. Rothaermel, F. T., Hitt, M. A. and Jobe, L. A., "Balancing vertical integration and strategic outsourcing: effects of product portfolio, product success, and firm performance," Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 27, pp. 1033-1056, 2006.
  33. Shim, H., Lee, J. and Jeong, D., “An Empirical Study on Impact of Knowledge Management Success Factors and Activities on Disaster Management Task Performance,” The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 173-189, 2010.
  34. Shin, D., “Inter-organizational collaboration networks and trust-based governance: inter-organizational collaboration among companies in other countries Determinants and performance of trust between partner companies in the network,” Strategic Management Research, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 49-84, 2002.
  35. Van De Ven, A. H., Delbecq, A. L. and Koening, R., "Determinants of coordination modes within organizations," American Sociological Review, Vol. 41, pp. 322-338, 1976.
  36. Yoon, J. H., “A Study of the Trust and Governance Effect on Business-to-Business Electronic Commerce Systems Implementation Level,” The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 17-32, 2003.

Cited by

  1. 과학기술계 정부출연연구기관의 논문 성과에 좁은 세상 구조와 중심성이 미치는 영향 vol.29, pp.1, 2018,