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Influence of Multicultural contact Experience on the Relationship between Social Distance and Multicultural Acceptance among Nursing Students.

간호대학생의 사회적거리감과 다문화수용성의 관계에서 다문화접촉경험의 영향

  • Noh, Yoon Goo (Department of Nursing, Changwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Oi Sun (Department of Nursing, Changshin University)
  • 노윤구 (국립창원대학교간호학과) ;
  • 이외선 (창신대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2017.11.14
  • Accepted : 2018.01.20
  • Published : 2018.01.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify the moderated effects of multicultural contact experience on the relationship between social distance and multicultural acceptability among nursing students. The sample for this study consisted of 174 nursing students from four universities located in Korea. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test, Pearson correlation and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 23.0. It was found that: (a) multicultural acceptability had a negative correlation with social distance(r=-.61, p<.001), whereas a positive correlation was observed with experience of multicultural contact(r=.24, p=.002); (b) the interaction effect by multicultural contact experience and social distance had a significant influence on the multicultural acceptability(${\beta}=-.18$, p=.003); (c) experience of multicultural contact moderated the relationship between social distance and multicultural acceptability(${\Delta}R^2=0.30$, p=.003). Results of the study suggest that the greater the experience of multicultural contact, the greater the negative effect of social distance on multicultural acceptability. Therefore, to increase the multicultural acceptability of nursing students, it is important to encourage the positive experiences of multicultural contact and thus reduce social distance.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Changwon National University

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