A Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification Method for White-backed Planthopper-specific Detection

고리매개등온증폭법(LAMP)을 이용한 흰등멸구 특이 판별법

  • Seo, Bo Yoon (Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Park, Chang Gyu (Department of Industrial Entomology, Korea National College of Agriculture and Fisheries) ;
  • Jung, Jin Kyo (Crop Cultivation and Environment Research Division, National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Cho, Jumrae (Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, Gwan-Seok (Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Kwang-Ho (Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration)
  • 서보윤 (국립농업과학원 작물보호과) ;
  • 박창규 (국립한국농수산대학 산업곤충과) ;
  • 정진교 (국립식량과학원 재배환경과) ;
  • 조점래 (국립농업과학원 작물보호과) ;
  • 이관석 (국립농업과학원 작물보호과) ;
  • 김광호 (국립농업과학원 작물보호과)
  • Received : 2018.11.05
  • Accepted : 2018.11.26
  • Published : 2018.12.01


A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) primer set (WBPH-65) was designed for the species-specific detection of white-backed planthopper (WBPH) Sogatella furcifera based on the full-length sequence of the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) (KC417469.1). The WBPH-65 primer set consists of six primers (total 165 bp), F3 (18 bp), B3 (18 bp), FIP (43 bp), BIP (40 bp), LF (21 bp), and LB (25 bp). After the LAMP reaction of three rice planthoppers, S. furcifera, Nilaparvata lugens, and Laodelphax striatellus, with the WBPH-65 primer set for 60 min at $65^{\circ}C$, the LAMP products were observed in the genomic DNA of S. furcifera only. According to the DNA amount of S. furcifera and incubation duration at $65^{\circ}C$, the difference of fluorescence relative to the negative control (0 ng) was clearly observed in a 40-min incubation with 10 and 100 ng or in case of 60-min incubation with 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 ng. There was little difference in fluorescence between the negative control and all the other DNAs tested in 20- and 30-min incubations. On the other hand, the WBPH-65 primer set without LF and LB primers showed little amplification in the genomic DNAs of the three rice planthoppers, S. furcifera, N. lugens, and L. striatellus in a 60-min incubation. These results suggest that all six primers (F3, B3, FIP, BIP, LF, and BF) are necessary for the WBPH-65 primer set to detect S. furcifera within a 60-min incubation, and is able to discriminate S. furcifera from at least N. lugens and L. striatellus.

OOGCBV_2018_v57n4_393_f0001.png 이미지

Fig. 1. Agarose gel electrophoresis (left) and visual detections (right) after loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reaction of DNA samples with the LAMP primer set (WBPH-65). In the agarose gel electrophoresis, various size of bands, such as ladder, were observed in the PC and 100 ng of WBPH DNA only, but no band in the NC and single bands in 100 ng of BPH DNA and 100 ng of SBPH DNA were observed. This indicates that the WBPH-65 LAMP primer set designed in this study can amplify the target region in the genomic DNA of WBPH specifically, but not in the genomic DNA of BPH and SBPH. Visual detections showed that the WBPH-65 LAMP primer set was also able to specifically amplify WBPH genomic DNA with a sensitivity of 0.01 ng in minimum, but not in the two rice planthoppers, BPH and SBPH. For LAMP reaction, all samples were incubated at 65℃ for 60 min and enzyme was inactivated at 80℃ for 5 min. M, 100 bp ladder marker; PC, positive control (LAMP primer set and DNA, both were provided by manufacturer); NC, negative control (WBPH-65 LAMP primer set without DNA); WBPH, white-backed planthopper Sogatella furcifera; BPH, brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens; SBPH, small brown planthopper Laodelphax striatellus.

OOGCBV_2018_v57n4_393_f0002.png 이미지

Fig. 2. Visual detections after loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reaction with the LAMP primer set (WBPH-65) according to the incubation time (20, 30, 40, and 60 min) and the amount of genomic DNA (0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 ng) of white-backed planthopper (WBPH) Sogatella furcifera. After the LAMP reaction, enzyme within the tube was inactivated at 80℃ for 5 min.

OOGCBV_2018_v57n4_393_f0003.png 이미지

Fig. 3. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reaction results on five individuals of three rice planthoppers, white-backed planthopper (WBPH; Sogatella furcifera), brown planthopper (BPH; Nilaparvata lugens), and small brown planthopper (SBPH; Laodelphax striatellus) with two LAMP primer sets of WBPH-65, [F3 + B3 + FIP + BIP + LF + LB] and [F3 + B3 + FIP + BIP], respectively. The incubation time was 60 min at 65℃ and the amount of genomic DNA of each planthopper was > 100 ng. After the LAMP reaction, a Bst polymerase was inactivated at 80℃ for 5 min.

Table 1. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) primer sets designed in this study to discriminate Sogatella furcifera from other planthopper species

OOGCBV_2018_v57n4_393_t0001.png 이미지


Supported by : 농촌진흥청


  1. Asche, M., Wilson, M.R., 1990. The delphacid genus Sogatella and related groups: a revision with special reference to rice-associated species (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Syst. Entomol. 15, 1-42.
  2. Blaser, S., Diem, H., von Felten, A., Gueuning, M., Andreou, M., Boonham, N., Tomlinson, J., Muller, P., Utzinger, J., Freya, J.E., Buhlmanni, A., 2018. From laboratory to point of entry: development and implementation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-based genetic identification system to prevent introduction of quarantine insect species. Pest Manag. Sci. 74, 1504-1512.
  3. Choi, B.H., Hur, J.H., Heckel, D.G., Kim, J., Koh, Y.H., 2018. Development of a highly accurate and sensitive diagnostic tool for pyrethroid-resistant chimeric P450 CYP337B3 of Helicoverpa armigera using loop-mediated isothermal amplification. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. 99, e21504.
  4. Fekrat, L., Zaki Aghl, M., Tahan, V., 2015. Application of the LAMP assay as a diagnostic technique for rapid identification of Thrips tabaci (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 108, 1337-1343.
  5. Huang, C-.G., Hsu, J-.C., Haymer, D.S., Lin, G-.C., Wu, W-.J., 2009. Rapid identification of the mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) by loop-mediated isothermal amplification. J. Econ. Entomol. 102, 1239-1246.
  6. Kim, H.Y., Park, C.G., Han, M.W., Uhm, K.B., Woo, K.S., 2002. Development of a hypertext-based polychotomous key for the identification of planthoppers caught by light trap in paddy fields. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 41, 75-83.
  7. Kim, Y.H., Hur, J.H., Lee, G.S., Choi, M-.Y., Koh, Y.H., 2016. Rapid and highly accurate detection of Drosophila suzukii, spotted wing Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) by loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays. J. Asia-Pac. Entomol. 19, 1211-1216.
  8. Kisimoto, R., Sogawa, K., 1995. Migration of the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens and the wihte-backed planthopper Sogatella furcifera in East Asia: the role of weather and climate, in: Drake, V.A., Gatehouse, A.G. (Eds.), Insect migration. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 67-91.
  9. Mori, Y., Notomi, T., 2009. Loop-mediated isothermal amplifi cation (LAMP): a rapid, accurate, and cost-effective diagnostic method for infectious diseases. J. Infect. Chemother. 15, 62-69.
  10. Nagamine, K., Hase, T., Notomi, T., 2002. Accelerated reaction by loop-mediated isothermal amplification using loop primers. Mol. Cell. Probes 16, 223-229.
  11. Notomi, T., Okayama, H., Masubuchi, H., Yonekawa, T., Watanabe, K., Amino, N., Hase, T., 2000. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA. Nucleic Acids Res., 28, e63.
  12. Otuka, A., 2013. Migration of rice planthoppers and their vectored re-emerging and novel rice viruses in East Asia. Front. Microbiol. 4, 309. Doi:10.3389/fmicb.2013.00309.
  13. RDA, 2009. Guidebook for the pest management of major agricultural crops (in Korean), Rural Development Administration, Suwon.
  14. RDA, 2014. Guidebook for monitoring and control of agricultural crop pests in 2013 (in Korean), Rural Development Administration, Suwon.
  15. Seo, B.Y., Park, C.G., Koh, Y-.H., Jung, J.K., Cho, J., Kang, C., 2017. ITS2 DNA sequence analysis for eight species of delphacid planthoppers and a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for the brown planthopper-specific detection. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 56, 377-385.
  16. Uhm, K.B., Park, J.S., Lee, Y.I., Choi, K.M., Lee, M.H., Lee, J.O., 1988. Relationship between some weather conditions and immigration of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stal. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 27, 200-210.
  17. Wilson, M.R., Claridge, M.F., 1991. Handbook for the identification of leafhoppers and planthoppers of rice. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
  18. Zhang, X., Lowe, S.B., Gooding, J.J., 2014. Brief review of monitoring methods for loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). Biosens. Bioelectron. 61, 491-499.
  19. Zhou, G., Xu, D., Xu, D., Zhang, M., 2013. Southern rice blackstreaked dwarf virus: a white-backed planthopper-transmitted fijivirus threatening rice production in Asia. Front. Microbiol. 9, 270. Doi:10.3389/fmicb.2013.00270.