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A Meridic Artificial Diet as a Supporting Meal for Locusta migratoria Rearing

풀무치 사육을 위한 보조먹이로서 반합성 인공사료

  • Jung, Jin Kyo (Department of Central Area Crop Science, National Institute of Crop Science) ;
  • Lee, Gwan Seok (Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop Protection, National Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Koh, Young Ho (Ilsong Institute of Life Science, Hallym University) ;
  • Seo, Bo Yoon (Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop Protection, National Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Kim, Kwang Ho (Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop Protection, National Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Moon, Youn-Ho (Bioenergy Crop Research Institute, National Institute of Crop Science) ;
  • Heu, Sunggi (Department of Central Area Crop Science, National Institute of Crop Science)
  • 정진교 (국립식량과학원 중부작물부) ;
  • 이관석 (국립농업과학원 농산물안정성부) ;
  • 고영호 (한림대학교 일송생명과학연구소) ;
  • 서보윤 (국립농업과학원 농산물안정성부) ;
  • 김광호 (국립농업과학원 농산물안정성부) ;
  • 문윤호 (국립식량과학원 바이오에너지작물연구소) ;
  • 허성기 (국립식량과학원 중부작물부)
  • Received : 2018.09.11
  • Accepted : 2018.10.17
  • Published : 2018.12.01

Abstract

A meridic artificial diet, including whole milk powder, wheat bran, maize leaf powder, and sucrose as the main nutrients, was tested for rearing Locusta migratoria (Orthoptera: Acrididae). When locusts were supplied with only the artificial diet over their entire life cycle, a second generation was not produced. The same result was observed when the diet was supplied daily and fresh maize leaves were supplied every other day. However, when the diet and fresh maize leaves were supplied alternately every other day, four generations of L. migratoria were produced. Fecundity in adults reared with the alternating diet was higher than that in adults supplied with both the diet and maize leaves daily. These results indicate that this artificial diet could be used as a supplementary food for rearing of L. migratoria.

Table 1. Composition of a meridic diet used for rearing Locusta migratoria

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Table 2. Developmental and reproductive characteristics of nymphs and adults of Locusta migratoria individually reared on maize leaves at 30℃

OOGCBV_2018_v57n4_287_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Developmental and reproductive characteristics of Locusta migratoria supplied with an artificial diet and maize leaves, up to adult mortality

OOGCBV_2018_v57n4_287_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Developmental and reproductive characteristics of Locusta migratoria supplied with an artificial diet and maize leaves alternately every other day through successive generations

OOGCBV_2018_v57n4_287_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Longevity and reproductive characteristics of Locusta migratoria adults supplied with an artificial diet and maize leaves within one cage

OOGCBV_2018_v57n4_287_t0005.png 이미지

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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