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노년기 거주형태 변화와 삶의 만족도

Transition in Living Arrangement and Life Satisfaction in Old Age

  • 백옥미 (군산대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Baik, Ok Mi (Dept. of Social Welfare, Kunsan National University)
  • 투고 : 2018.08.16
  • 심사 : 2018.10.04
  • 발행 : 2018.11.30

초록

본 연구는 노년기 거주형태의 변화 궤적에 따른 삶의 만족도와의 관계를 종단데이터의 분석을 통해 살펴보고자 하였다. 이를 위해 본 연구는 국민노후보장패널 1-4차년도(2005-2011) 자료를 활용, 1-4차년도 조사당시 거주형태를 측정, 두 시점간 거주형태 변화 유형을 16개 유형으로 구분, 일반화추정방정식모형(Generalized Estimation Equation; GEE)을 적용해 삶의 만족도 차이를 분석하였다. 연구 결과 노년기 거주형태 변화는 삶의 만족도와 관련이 있었다. 전반적으로 마지막 조사시점에서 부부상태를 유지했던 집단의 삶의 만족도 수준이 높았다. 또한 노년기 자녀와의 동거여부는 삶의 만족도에 직접적으로 중요한 요인이 아닌 것으로 나타났다. 본 조사결과 자녀와의 동거는 부부가 함께 동거였을 경우에만 삶의 만족도 수준이 높았을 뿐 홀로 자녀와 동거하는 가구의 경우 독거를 지속한 가구보다도 오히려 삶의 만족도 수준이 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 노년기 거주형태 변화의 궤적과 대표적 심리적 복지 개념인 삶의 만족도의 관계를 분석한 본 연구는 노년기 거주형태 변화 차이가 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향력을 종단자료 분석을 통해 실증적으로 제시했다는 점에서 의의를 찾을 수 있다.

표 1. 연구대상자의 일반적 특성 Table 1. Characteristics of the participants

GJMGCK_2018_v4n4_301_t0001.png 이미지

표 2. 거주형태 변화별 삶의 만족도 변화 Table 2. Changes in satisfaction of life by changes in living arrangements

GJMGCK_2018_v4n4_301_t0002.png 이미지

표 3. 거주형태 변화별 삶의 만족도: GEE 분석결과 Table 3. Satisfaction of life by changes in living arrangements: the results from GEE

GJMGCK_2018_v4n4_301_t0003.png 이미지

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