쇠비름 물, 에탄올 추출물의 항산화 및 항염증 활성

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김동규;신정혜;강민정
Kim, Dong-Gyu;Shin, Jung-Hye;Kang, Min-Jung

  • 투고 : 2017.12.06
  • 심사 : 2018.02.20
  • 발행 : 2018.02.28

초록

본 연구에서는 쇠비름의 활용가치를 높이고 기능성 소재로서의 이용 가능성을 타진하기 위해 쇠비름 물 및 에탄올 추출물의 항산화와 항염증 활성을 탐색하였다. DPPH 라디칼 소거능과 FRAP을 이용한 총 항산화 효능 평가 결과 에탄올 추출물이 물 추출물보다 항산화 활성이 우수한 것을 확인하였고, ABTS 라디칼 소거능은 $1,000{\mu}g/mL$의 농도에서만 쇠비름 물 추출물의 활성이 더 높았다. 한편, 세포독성을 살펴보기 위하여 쇠비름 물 및 에탄올 추출물을 이용해 대식세포에 MTT assay를 수행한 결과, $4,000{\mu}g/mL$의 이하 농도까지는 세포의 생존율에 영향을 미치지 않는 것을 확인하였다. $1.0{\mu}g/mL$ LPS로 염증반응을 유도시킨 세포에 대해 쇠비름 물 추출물에 비해 에탄올 추출물이 더 효과적으로 농도의존적인 NO와 ROS 생성 억제 효과가 있었다. 추가적으로 세포의 항염증 효능의 지표 단백질로 알려진 TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6의 발현을 확인하였을 때 LPS 단독 처리군 대비 쇠비름 에탄올 추출물에서 3가지 단백질 모두의 발현양이 감소하는 것을 확인하였다. 이상의 결과를 종합하여 볼 때 쇠비름 에탄올 추출물은 물 추출물에 비해 높은 항산화와 항염증 활성을 가지는 것으로 확인되었으며, 추후 쇠비름의 유효성분 추출을 통한 항염증 물질의 연구와 염증 억제 성분의 분리 및 그 작용기전 연구에 기초 자료가 될 것으로 사료된다.

키워드

Portulaca oleracea;antioxidant effect;anti-inflammatory effect;pro-inflammatory cytokine

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