열처리 보리수 과즙과 식초의 이화학적 특성, phytochemicals 및 생리활성

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조계만;황정은;김수철;주옥수
Cho, Kye Man;Hwang, Chung Eun;Kim, Su Cheol;Jo, Ok Soo

  • 투고 : 2018.01.29
  • 심사 : 2018.02.22
  • 발행 : 2018.02.28

초록

본 연구에서는 보리수 과즙에 열처리 후 식초를 제조하고 발효특성을 조사하였다. 열처리 보리수 과즙과 식초는 보리수 열매 색깔과 거의 유사하였으며, 적색도인 b 값은 각각 39.48(과즙)과 37.56(식초)이었다. 보리수 과즙을 발효하였을 때 10일 경과 시 초산균수는 4.59-4.62 log CFU/mL, pH는 3.14-3.45, 산도는 0.2-2.12%, 환원당은 0.69-35.24 mg/mL 및 알코올은 0.2%이었다. 비열처리 과즙보다 열처리 과즙이 라디칼 소거활성과 소화효소 저해활성이 높았고, 이에 상응하여 수용성 phenolics, 수용성 flavonoids, flavan-3-ols 유도체 및 phenolic acids 유도체 함량이 높았다. 한편 열처리 식초의 주요 유기산은 acetic acid(21.82 mg/mL)이었고 주요 flavan-3-ols와 phenolic acids 화합물은 catechin($72.24{\mu}g/mL$), catechin gallate($273.36{\mu}g/mL$), epigallocatechin gallate($68.35{\mu}g/mL$), protocatechuic acid ($12.84{\mu}g/mL$) 및 salicylic acid($42.29{\mu}g/mL$)가 검출되었다. $25{\mu}L/mL$ 처리 시 DPPH와 ABTS 라디칼 소거활성 및 ${\alpha}$-glucosidase와 pancreatic lipase 저해활성은 각각 79.66%, 93.99%, 90.12% 및 64.85% 이었다. 이 결과로부터 보리수 과즙의 열처리 방법을 활용한 새로운 형태의 기능성 식초 혹은 음료를 개발할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

키워드

Elaeagnus multiflora;heat-treatment;vinegar;phytochemicals radical scavenging activity;digestive enzyme inhibitory activity

참고문헌

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과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 국립경남과학기술대학교