허브의 첨가에 의한 대두유의 산패억제 효과

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류근영;김애경;김태순;이향희;서계원;조배식
Ryu, Keun-Young;Kim, Ae-Gyeong;Kim, Tae-Sun;Lee, Hyang-Hee;Seo, Kye-Won;Cho, Bae-Sik

  • 투고 : 2018.01.11
  • 심사 : 2018.02.13
  • 발행 : 2018.02.28

초록

본 연구는 항산화 성분이 있다고 알려진 녹차, 로즈마리, 레몬밤을 이용하여 대두유의 튀김 중 산패 억제 가능성을 확인하고자 하였다. 허브의 복잡한 추출과정 없이 대두유에 침유시키는 방법으로 침출유를 제조하였고, 항산화 효과를 확인하기 위해 총 폴리페놀 함량과 DPPH 라디칼 소거능을 측정하였다. 그 결과 허브 침출유에서 대두유보다 항산화 활성이 증가되는 것으로 확인되어 항산화제의 첨가없이 허브의 첨가만으로도 항산화 효과를 증가시키는 것으로 확인되었다. 튀김과정중 산패의 정도를 확인하기 위해 총 극성화합물 함량(TPC)과 산가, p-anisidine가를 측정하였다. 튀김 과정 중 모든 유지의 총 극성화합물 함량은 지속적인 증가를 보였으며, 25% 도달 시점은 대두유가 62시간으로 산패가 가장 빨랐고, 허브 침출유에서는 레몬밤유(80시간) > 로즈마리유(74시간) > 녹차유(68시간) 순으로 총 극성화합물의 생성 억제가 확인되었다. 산가는 유지의 가열산화 과정 중 생성된 유리지방산을 측정하는 방법으로 모든 유지에서 튀김시간의 증가에 따라 상승하는 경향을 보여 TPC(%)의 경향과 유사하였다. 그러나 로즈마리유가 52시간 경과 후 부터 1.05 mg/g으로 대두유(1.04 mg/g)보다 더 증가하여, 허브의 종류에 따른 차이를 확인해 볼 필요성이 있을 것으로 판단된다. p-Anisidine가는 대부분 증가하다 일정 시간 후 감소하는 경향을 보였으며, 로즈마리유에서 가장 증가폭이 낮았다. 그러나 산가가 가장 낮았던 녹차유는 가열시간이 증가하는 동안 지속적으로 상승하여 가열 종료 시 82.3으로 가장 높은 결과를 보였다. 유지의 산패에 관여하는 성분들은 다양하여 여러 측정방법들을 사용하여 종합적인 판단에 의해 평가하여야 한다. 따라서 항상화 활성과 산패도의 결과를 종합해 볼 때 허브의 첨가가 대두유의 산패를 억제하는데 기여하는 것으로 판단되며, 각각의 허브들이 측정 방법들에 어떤 작용을 하는지에 대한 추가적인 연구가 필요할 것으로 생각된다.

키워드

soybean oil;herb;rancidity;total polar compounds (TPC);total phenolic contents

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과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 광주광역시 보건환경연구원