DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Research on the Painted Lead Glaze Pottery in the Northern Qi Dynasty in China

중국 북제(北齊) 채회유도(彩繪釉陶) 시론

  • Received : 2017.09.29
  • Accepted : 2017.11.15
  • Published : 2017.12.30

Abstract

It is called the "Painted lead glaze pottery" that is painted green, brown, yellow over white or light yellow glazed base among glazed pottery in the Northern Qi Dynasty. Even though the white glazed pot painted green with three ears and the yellow glazed jar painted green with long neck is found in the Fan-cui Tomb in Honghetun Village, Anyang City, Henan Province in 1971, these potteries were not focused in academic circles. While the white glazed pottery found with them was thought as the earliest evidence of the white porcelain that the date is clear, it has constantly been discussed so far. In this paper, focused on the painted lead glaze pottery, the materials from tombs and kiln sites are organized, and based on them, the decoration feature and production technique is analyzed. The emergence time of this pottery is checked by the date of tombs and the social value of this pottery is considered by the position of the buried person. The painted lead glaze pottery of the Northern Qi Dynasty has independent character such as porcelain clay, twice firing burning and painting technique over glazed base. This character emerged from several glazed potteries in the Northern Wei Dynasty and it continued to the Northern Qi Dynasty. At last, the white painted lead glazed pottery appeared. The painted lead glaze pottery was formed by the combination of a shape of the ceramic in Southern China and painting technique after the Northern Wei Dynasty in Northern China.

References

  1. 北齊書
  2. 隋書
  3. 孔德銘, 2014, 安陽相州窯及相關問題研究 殷都學刊1, pp.34-38
  4. 欒兆鵬, 2006, 中國古代白瓷起源問題研究綜述 博物館研究2, pp.73-77
  5. 陶正剛, 1975, 山西祁縣白圭北齊韓裔墓 文物4, pp.64-70
  6. 射明良, 2014, 中國古代鉛釉陶的世界 - 從戰國到唐代 -, 文物出版社
  7. 山西大學曆史文化學院 외, 2005, 大同南郊北魏墓群, 科學出版社, p.554
  8. 山西省考古研究所.太原市文物考古研究所, 2006, 北齊東安王婁睿墓, 文物出版社
  9. 山西省考古研究所.太原市文物管理委員會, 1983, 太原市北齊婁叡墓發掘簡報 文物10, pp.1-23
  10. 森達也, 2009, 白釉陶與白瓷的出現年代 中國古陶瓷研究15, pp.79-95
  11. 陝西省考古研究所, 2005, 西安北郊北朝墓清理簡報 考古與文物1, pp.7-16
  12. 小林仁, 2012, 北齊鉛釉器的定位和意義 故宮博物院院刊5, pp.104-162
  13. 小林仁, 2009, 白瓷的誕生 - 北朝瓷器生產的諸問題與安陽隋張盛墓出土的白瓷俑 - 中國古陶瓷研究15, pp.61-78
  14. 易立, 2010, 白釉綠彩器的產生, 發展與流向 四川文物4, pp.86-91
  15. 倪潤安, 2015, 北齊墓葬文化格局論 故宮博物院院刊2, pp.55-58
  16. 王建保 외, 2014, 河北臨漳縣曹村窯址考察報告 華夏考古1, p.24-29
  17. 王克林, 1979, 北齊庫狄迥洛墓 考古學報3, pp.377-402
  18. 李家治, 1998, 中國科學技術史.陶瓷卷, 科學出版社, p.464, pp.116-119
  19. 李江, 2010, 河北省临漳曹村窑址初探与试掘简报 中國古陶瓷研究16, 紫禁城出版社, pp.43-52
  20. 李國霞, 2010, 新發現曹村窯三種釉色陶瓷的初步分析 中國古陶瓷研究16, pp.531 -532
  21. 李知宴, 1972, 談範粹墓出土的瓷器 考古9, pp.53-55
  22. 磁縣文化館, 1984, 河北磁縣東陳村北齊堯峻墓 文物4, pp.16-22
  23. 磁縣文化館, 1979, 河北磁縣北齊高潤墓 考古3, pp.235-243
  24. 鄭州市文物考古研究院, 2008, 河南唐代白釉彩磁, 科學出版社, pp.37-43
  25. 周到, 1964, 河南璞陽北齊李雲墓出土的瓷器和墓志 考古9, pp.482-484
  26. 朱伯謙, 2000, 中國陶瓷全集4.三國兩晉南北朝, 上海人民美術出版社
  27. 周淑蘭, 1993, 陶瓷器的耳系把與主體造型的關系 河北陶瓷3, pp.1-2
  28. 中國社會科學院考古研究所洛陽漢魏城隊.洛陽古墓博物館, 1994, 北魏宣武帝景陵發掘報告 考古9, pp.801-814
  29. 中國社會科學院考古研究所洛陽漢魏城隊, 1991, 北魏洛陽城內出土的瓷器與釉陶器 考古12, pp.1090-1095
  30. 陳嶽 외, 2013, 河北臨漳曹村窯址青釉器物工藝特征研究 岩礦測試2, pp.64-69
  31. 馮先銘.馮小琦, 1994, 淺談白釉綠彩瓷器 收藏家4, pp.13-15
  32. 河南省陶瓷文化研究會, 2010, 古陶瓷集粹, 中州古籍出版社
  33. 河南省文物管理局南水北調文物保護管理辦公室.安陽市文物考古研究所, 2011, 河南安陽縣北齊賈進墓 考古4, pp.42-49
  34. 河南省文物考古研究所, 2009, 河南安陽固岸墓地考古發掘收獲 華夏考古3, pp.19-23
  35. 河南省文物局, 2013, 安陽北朝墓葬, 科學出版社, pp.14-23, 49-65, 80-97
  36. 河南省文物研究所.安陽縣文管會, 1987, 安陽北齊和紹隆夫婦合葬墓清理簡報 中原文物1, pp.8-16
  37. 河南省博物館, 1972, 河南安陽北齊範粹墓發掘簡報 文物1, pp.47-57
  38. 河北省博物館.河北省文物管理處, 1973, 河北平山北齊崔昂墓調查報告 文物11, pp.27-33
  39. 夏振英, 1984, 陝西華陰縣晉墓清理簡報 考古與文物3, pp.36-42
  40. 郝建文, 2009a, 滿壁生風 氣勢恢弘 - 磁縣北齊高洋壁畫墓(上) - 唐代人7, pp.31-32
  41. 郝建文, 2009b, 磁縣北齊高洋壁畫墓(下) 唐代人8, pp.22-23
  42. 長谷部樂爾, 2008, 北齊の白釉陶 陶說660, pp.13-14