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Experience of 'overcoming the pain of family loss of suicide' through suicide bereavement support group: SPACE experiential model of family survivors

자조모임을 통한 자살유가족의 '고통 이겨냄' 과정: SPACE 모델

  • 서청희 (서울시공공보건의료재단) ;
  • 박지영 (상지대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 백민정 (수원시자살예방센터) ;
  • 김미숙 (아주대학교 교육대학원 심리치료교육전공)
  • Received : 2017.08.14
  • Accepted : 2017.10.08
  • Published : 2017.10.31

Abstract

Objectives: This study is to understand the experiences of overcoming pain of loss of family survivors in Suicide Bereavement Support Group(SBSG). Method: Experiential data was collected by in-depth interview(FGI, individual) to 10 family survivors(over 19) who having an experience participating in SBSG over 5months and analyzed using qualitative methodology. Results: We drew the result that 'SPACE model' which structuralize by 5 stages of suicide survivors' experience of SBSG of time path. SPACE model configured as follow: Stage1, Space in vacuum, the time to feel a sense of overwhelming feeling like pain, fear, alienation after loss of suicide, Stage2, Probing, when to find informations and resources to help survivors themselves, Stage3, Acclimation, having experiences empathy and healing as in SBSG, Stage4, Composure, accepting SBSG meaning as a part of their lives, loss of my family by suicide, and the beginning of bereavement, Stage5, Endurance, overcoming suffering through SBSG and try to help other survivors. Conclusions: SBSG is the opportunity for family survivors to overcome the pains from loss of suicide, shock, anger, grief, etc., and to empower them to help other suicide survivors.