Factors and Categorization of Perception toward Social Capital for Korean Older Adults

한국 노년층의 사회자본에 대한 인식 유형화 및 영향요인

  • Hong, Seokho (SSK Research Center for Aging Society, Seoul National University) ;
  • Hwang, Sunyoung (Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Soon Eun (Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University)
  • 홍석호 (서울대학교 SSK고령사회연구단) ;
  • 황선영 (서울대학교 행정대학원) ;
  • 김순은 (서울대학교 행정대학원)
  • Received : 2017.05.31
  • Accepted : 2017.08.21
  • Published : 2017.08.30


Korea is proceeding to aging society at much faster pace than other countries. To alleviate various problems (health, environment, social relationships, psychology and emotion, and financial problems) of the elderly caused by aging society, there has been increasing attention to social capital. This study investigated types of ways that the elderly at individual level are aware of social capital and the characteristic. In addition, factors that influence the types were studied. Data from 1060 elderly with the age of 65 and older were collected in Korea. Excluding missing data on variables used in the study, data of 960 elderly were used for analyses. K-mean cluster analysis was conducted to investigate types of elderly awareness on social capital at individual level. Multinominal logistic regression was used to find out factors of the types. K-mean cluster analysis resulted in three types of awareness on social capital among the elderly: (1) potential of social capital; (2) severance of social capital; and (3) wealth of social capital. Multinominal logistic regression resulted in that compared to potential of social capital type, when the elderly were younger, inclination of politics was more progressive, they did not have religion, they did not reside in rural, and they did not live in multiplex housing, the elderly were more likely to be in severance of social capital type. Also, when the elderly were women, had higher education and standard of living, were Christian, and did not reside in rural regions. they tended to be in wealth of social capital type. Based on the study results about awareness on social capital among the elderly and factors related to the awareness types, practical and political suggestions that promote social capital to solve problems of the elderly were provided.


Supported by : 한국연구재단