An Exploratory Study For Developing Perceived Elderly Stigma Scale

지각된 노인 낙인 척도 개발을 위한 탐색적 연구

  • An, Soontae (Division of Communication and Media, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Oh, Hyun Jung (Department of Health & Strategic Communication, Cha University) ;
  • Chung, Soondool (Department of Social Welfare, Ewha Womans University)
  • 안순태 (이화여자대학교 커뮤니케이션.미디어 학부) ;
  • 오현정 (차의과학대학교 의료홍보미디어학과) ;
  • 정순둘 (이화여자대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2017.02.19
  • Accepted : 2017.05.12
  • Published : 2017.05.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to develop a perceived elderly stigma scale for intergenerational research and practice. Although negative stereotypes on elderly population have worsened physical and psychological health of older people, there has been a lack of systematic efforts to measure and monitor stigmatic perception and behavior of younger generation on elderly people. We initially constructed a 34-item perceived elderly stigma scale, by integrating the processes of literature review and exploratory item generation. After confirming the face validity of the scale, a 31-item perceived elderly stigma scale was tested with 252 adults recruited from an online research panel. The result of an exploratory factor analysis suggests a 5-factor solution with 28 items: ability, personality, appearance, authoritarian dependancy, and family-obsession. The convergent/discriminant validity was confirmed by examining its relationships with ageism, elderly discrimination, attitude toward elderly, and respect for elderly. After a series of refinement and empirical tests, the perceived elderly stigma scale would contribute to understanding the current state of elderly discrimination in our society and to develop necessary policies and promotion strategies to eliminate intergenerational conflicts.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단