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The Influences of Critical Thinking Ability, Communication Skills, Leadership, and Professionalism on Clinical Practice Ability in Nursing Students

간호학생의 비판적 사고능력, 의사소통능력, 리더십, 전문직관이 임상실무능력에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Jia (College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Jang, Mi Heui (College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University)
  • 이지아 (경희대학교 간호과학대학) ;
  • 장미희 (경희대학교 간호과학대학)
  • Received : 2017.04.17
  • Accepted : 2017.10.30
  • Published : 2017.11.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors that affect nursing students' clinical practice ability. Methods: The data were collected from 303 nursing students who had more than 500 hours of experience in clinical practicum at 4 universities in Seoul and the metropolitan area. The instruments consisted of 27 items of critical thinking, 19 items of professionalism, 40 items of self reported leadership, 20 items of communication evaluation tool, and 61 items of nursing practice performance evaluation. Results: For the clinical practicum, most difficult for nursing students were cardiopulmonary resuscitation, fecal enema, stoma care, and blood transfusion. Clinical practice abilities were positively correlated with nursing professionalism(r=.26, p<.001), leadership (r=.16, p=.007) and critical thinking(r=.12, p=.031). Professionalism(${\beta}=.32$, p=.001) was the most significant factor influencing the clinical practice ability of nursing students. Critical thinking was the second largest factor but not significant(${\beta}=.16$, p=.058). Conclusion: The findings suggest that the nursing curriculum should include nursing knowledge and nursing skills as well as various case-based or field-based decision making training programs to cultivate professionalism, critical thinking and other abilities for clinical practice.

Keywords

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