DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effects of Communication Training Applying Gagné's Nine Events of Instruction and Video Clips upon Communication Competency and Interpersonal Relations in Nursing Students

가네의 9가지 수업사태와 비디오 클립을 적용한 의사소통 훈련이 간호대학생의 의사소통 능력과 대인관계에 미치는 효과

  • 차진경 (원광보건대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 김향하 (군산간호대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2017.05.17
  • Accepted : 2017.10.22
  • Published : 2017.11.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of teaching communication training using $Gagn{\acute{e}}^{\prime}s$ 9 events of instruction and video clip on communication competency and interpersonal relations of nursing students. Methods: The participants were 79 nursing students (41 in the intervention group, 38 in the control group). A nonequivalent control group design was used. The research was carried out from September 7 to November 20, 2015. Teaching communication skills using $Gagn{\acute{e}}^{\prime}s$ 9 events of instruction and video clip were provided to the intervention group 180 minutes/session once a week for 9 weeks. Data were analyzed using chi-square test, independent t-test and ANCOVA with SPSS/PC version 21.0. Results: The intervention group reported significantly higher scores of communication competency(F=8.41, p=.005) and interpersonal relations(F=8.97 p=.004) compared to those of the control group at the completion of the intervention. Conclusion: The findings of this study show that $Gagn{\acute{e}}^{\prime}s$ 9 events of instruction and video clip is an effective communication training for improving communication competency and interpersonal relations in nursing students. A randomized clinical trial is needed to confirm the value of communication training using $Gagn{\acute{e}}^{\prime}s$ 9 events of instruction and video clip for nursing students.

Keywords

References

  1. Kim SH, Lee MA. Effects of emotional labor and communication competence on turnover intention in nurses. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration. 2014;20(3):332-341. https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2014.20.3.332
  2. Kameg K, Mitchell AM, Clochesy J, Howard VM, Suresky J. Communication and human patient simulation in psychiatric nursing. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 2009;30(8):503-508. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01612840802601366.
  3. Choi YJ, Song EJ, Oh EJ. Effects of teaching communication skills using a video clip on a smart phone on communication competence and emotional intelligence in nursing students. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing. 2015;29(2):90-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2014.11.003
  4. Son, EJ. The effects of a communication training program on communication and interpersonal relationship for student nurses in clinical practice. Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing. 2006;13(3):467-473.
  5. Ennis G, Happell B, Broadbent M, Reid-Searl K. The importance of communication for clinical leaders in mental health nursing: The perspective of nurses working in mental health. Issues in mental health nursing, 2013;34(11): 814-819. https://doi.org/10.3109/01612840.2013.829539
  6. Pulido‐Martos M, Augusto‐Landa JM, Lopez‐Zafra E. Sources of stress in nursing students: a systematic review of quantitative studies. International Nursing Review. 2012;59(1): 15-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2011.00939.x.
  7. Erozkan A. The effect of communication skills and interpersonal problem solving skills on social self-efficacy. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice. 2013;13(2): 739-745.
  8. Xie J, Ding S, Wang C, Liu A. An evaluation of nursing students' communication ability during practical clinical training. Nurse Education Today. 2013;33(8):823-827. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2012.02.011.
  9. Beaird G, Nye C, Thacker LR. The Use of Video Recording and Standardized Patient Feedback to Improve Communication Performance in Undergraduate Nursing Students. Clinical Simulation in Nursing, 2017;13(4):176-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecns.2016.12.005
  10. Shin KA, Lee ES. The effects of a communication training program on communication and interpersonal relationships of nursing students. The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education. 2011;17(2):149-158. http://dx.doi.org/10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.2.149.
  11. Hsu LL, Chang WH, Hsieh SI. The effects of scenario-based simulation course training on nurses' communication competence and self-efficacy: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Professional Nursing. 2015;31(1):37-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2014.05.007.
  12. Miner MA, Mallow J, Theeke L, Barnes E. Using Gagne's 9 events of instruction to enhance student performance and course evaluations in undergraduate nursing course. Nurse Educator. 2015;40(3):152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNE.0000000000000138.
  13. Gagne RM. The conditions of learning and theory of instruction. Fort Worth, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1985
  14. Park SI, Choi YS. The conditions of learnig and theory of instruction, KYOYOOKBOOK, 1996
  15. Lee KH, Yoo YJ, Kim MK. A study on a guidance plan of 'hair coloring'unit the learning theory of Robert Mills Gagne. Asian Journal of Beauty and Cosmetology. 2013;11(3):513-520.
  16. Gokdemir A, Akdemir O, Vural OF. Using Gagné's nine events in learning management systems. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013;106:3268-3272. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.376.
  17. Seo SY, Park MJ, Chae J. The development and evaluation of home economics teaching-learning process plans based on instructional strategies of scaffoldding with Gagn's instructional event - focused on the unit 'food, nutrition and diet of adolescents' of home economics in middle school. Journal of Korean Practical Arts Education. 2011;23(2):37-54.
  18. Neo TK, Neo M, Teoh B, Yap WL. Using multimedia and Gagné's instructional design to enhance teaching and learning in a student-centered environment: a Malaysian experience. International Journal of Instruction. 2010;37(4):365-378.
  19. Son HM, Kim HS, Koh MH, Yu SJ. Analysis of the communication education in the undergraduate nursing curriculum of Korea. Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education. 2010;17(3):424-432.
  20. Shepard K. Questioning, promoting and evauluating the use of streaming video to support student learnig. British Journal of Educational Technology. 2003;34(3):295-308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8535. 00328.
  21. Fukkink RG. Trienekens N, Kramer LJ. Video feedback in education and training: Putting learning in the picture. Educational Psychology Review. 2011;23(1):45-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10648-010-9144-5.
  22. Won JS, Shin HS. The effect of small group based communication training program on the competency of communication and the human relationship in nursing college students. Journal of East-West Nursing Research. 2008;14(2):60-66.
  23. Navran L. Communication and adjustment in marriage. Family Process. 1967;6(2):173-184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.1967.00173.x.
  24. Choi EY. The effects of a communication skills group on high school students' self concept and communication ability. Master's thesis, 2004, Kosin University, Daegu.
  25. Schlein S, Guerney B, Stover L. The interpersonal relationship scale. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, 1971, Pennsylvania State University.
  26. Ju JS. The effects of the communication training program for university students' communication and human relationship. Master's thesis, 2005, Kyungpook National University, Daegu.
  27. Ko YG, Seo YW. Can a mobile phone be used as a video feedback tool for motor learning? Korean Journal of Sport Science. 2013;24(4):679-688. https://doi.org/10.24985/kjss.2013.24.4.679
  28. Kesten KS. Role-play using SBAR technique to improve observed communication skills in senior nursing students. The Journal of Nursing Education. 2011;50(2):79-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01484834-20101230-
  29. Baghcheghi N, Koohestani HR, Rezaei K. A comparison of the cooperative learning and traditional learning methods in theory classes on nursing students' communication skill with patients at clinical settings. Nurse Education Today. 2011;31(8):877-882. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2011.01.006.https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2014.20.3.332.