The Relationship between Child Abuse and Emotional Regulation: Mediating Effect of Rejection Sensitivity

아동의 학대 경험과 정서조절의 관계: 거부민감성의 매개효과

  • Kang, Ha-Eun (Department of counseling Psychology, Sangji University) ;
  • Cho, Young-A (Department of counseling Psychology, Sangji University)
  • 강하은 (상지대학교 평화안보.상담심리대학원 상담심리학과) ;
  • 조영아 (상지대학교 평화안보.상담심리대학원 상담심리학과)
  • Received : 2017.08.31
  • Accepted : 2017.11.03
  • Published : 2017.11.30


Recently, the number of cases of child abuse has been increasing and, consequently, the social interest in this issue is increasing. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between child abuse, rejection sensitivity and emotional regulation and to identify the mediating effects of rejection sensitivity in the relationship between child abuse and emotional regulation. For this purpose, a survey on child abuse, rejection sensitivity and emotional regulation was administered to 217 elementary school students in the fourth, fifth and sixth grades, who had been reported as victims of child abuse or managed as suspected child abuse victims in the Seoul, Gyeonggi, Gangwon, Chungcheong, and Gyeongsang regions. The data was analyzed using structural equation modelling and bootstrapping. The findings showed that child abuse was significantly negatively correlated with emotional regulation, but positively correlated with rejection sensitivity. Emotional regulation was significantly negatively correlated with rejection sensitivity. Second, the structural equation analysis also revealed that rejection sensitivity fully mediated the relationship between child abuse and emotional regulation. This means that child abuse has an indirect effect on emotional regulation through rejection sensitivity. Therefore, when counseling abused children with emotional regulation problems, it is important for the counselors to include interventions designed to lower their rejection sensitivity.


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