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간호학생의 생명의료윤리의식, 도덕적 민감성 및 비판적 사고성향이 간호사윤리강령 인식에 미치는 영향요인

The influencing factor of Consciousness of Biomedical Ethics, Moral Sensitivity and Critical Thinking Disposition on the Code of Nurses Ethics of Nursing Student

  • 정계선 (조선간호대학교 간호학과)
  • 투고 : 2017.08.17
  • 심사 : 2017.11.03
  • 발행 : 2017.11.30

초록

본 연구는 간호학생의 생명의료윤리의식, 도덕적 민감성 및 비판적 사고성향이 간호사윤리강령 인식에 미치는 영향 요인을 알아보기 위해 수행된 서술적 상관 연구이다. 본 연구의 대상자는 2개 대도시의 2개 대학 간호학과 학생들 229명을 대상으로 하였으며 자료수집 기간은 2015년 6월 1일부터 7월 31일까지이다. 수집된 자료에 대한 통계분석은 SPSS 22.0 버전 컴퓨터프로그램을 이용하였으며, t 검정, 분산분석 및 Scheffe's 검정, 다변량 회귀분석을 시행하였다. 결과는 다음과 같다. 본 연구의 대상자의 86.65%가 여성이었으며, 평균나이는 21.67살이었다. 간호사윤리강령에 대한 인식정도는 생명의료윤리 의식(p<.001), 도덕적 민감성(p<.001), 비판적 사고성향 (p<.001)과 양의 상관관계를 나타낸 반면, 학년(p=.017), 결혼상태(p=.012), 생명과학 발전에 따른 윤리적 문제 발생 가능성(p=.012)과는 음의 상관관계를 나타냈다. 간호사윤리 강령에 미치는 영향요인은 학년(p=.013), 결혼상태(p=.030), 생명의료윤리 의식(p=.017), 도덕적 민감성(p<.001), 비판적 사고성향(p=.001)이며 설명력은 26.3%이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 생명의료윤리의식, 도덕적 민감성 및 비판적 사고성향이 간호학생의 간호사 윤리강령 인식에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 조선간호대학교

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