DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Seismic reliability evaluation of steel-timber hybrid shear wall systems

  • Li, Zheng (Department of Structural Engineering, Tongji University) ;
  • He, Minjuan (Department of Structural Engineering, Tongji University) ;
  • Lam, Frank (Department of Wood Science, University of British Columbia) ;
  • Zhou, Ruirui (Department of Structural Engineering, Tongji University) ;
  • Li, Minghao (Department of Civil & Natural Resources Engineering, University of Canterbury)
  • Received : 2017.06.23
  • Accepted : 2017.11.01
  • Published : 2017.09.25

Abstract

This paper presents seismic performance and reliability evaluation on steel-timber hybrid shear wall systems composed of steel moment resisting frames and infill light frame wood shear walls. Based on experimental observations, damage assessment was conducted to determine the appropriate damage-related performance objectives for the hybrid shear wall systems. Incremental time-history dynamic analyses were conducted to establish a database of seismic responses for the hybrid systems with various structural configurations. The associated reliability indices and failure probabilities were calculated by two reliability methods (i.e., fragility analysis and response surface method). Both methods yielded similar estimations of failure probabilities. This study indicated the greatly improved seismic performance of the steel-timber hybrid shear wall systems with stronger infill wood shear walls. From a probabilistic perspective, the presented results give some insights on quantifying the seismic performance of the hybrid system under different seismic hazard levels. The reliability-based approaches also serve as efficient tools to assess the performance-based seismic design methodology and calibration of relative code provisions for the proposed steel-timber hybrid shear wall systems.

References

  1. ASCE/SEI-41. (2013), "Seismic evaluation and retrofit of existing buildings", American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.
  2. Buchanan, A.H., Deam, B., Fragiacomo, M., Pampanin, S. and Palermo, A. (2008), "Multi-storey prestressed timber buildings in New Zealand", Struct. Eng. Int., 18(2), 166-173. https://doi.org/10.2749/101686608784218635
  3. Chinese Standard GB 50017. (2003), Code for Design of Steel Structures, Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China, Beijing, China (in Chinese).
  4. Chinese Standard GB 50011. (2010), Chinese Code for Seismic Design of Buildings, National Standard of the People's Republic of China (NSPRC), Beijing, China (in Chinese).
  5. Cornell, C.A., Jalayer, F., Hamburger, R.O. and Foutch, D.A. (2002), "Probabilistic basis for 2000 SAC federal emergency management agency steel moment frame guidelines", J. Struct. Eng., 128(4), 526-533. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2002)128:4(526)
  6. Dickof, C., Stiemer, S.F., Bezabeh, M.A. and Tesfamariam, S. (2014), "CLT-steel hybrid system: ductility and overstrength values based on static pushover analysis", J. Perform. Constr. Fac., 28(6), A4014012. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CF.1943-5509.0000614
  7. Filiatrault, A. and Folz, B. (2002), "Performance-based seismic design of wood framed buildings", J. Struct. Eng., 128(1), 39-47. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2002)128:1(39)
  8. Foliente, G.C. (2000), "Reliability assessment of timber shear walls under earthquake loads", Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Paper No. 612.
  9. Foschi, R.O., Li, H., Folz, B., Yao, F. and Zhang, J. (2007), "RELAN - Reliability analysis software, V8.0", Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
  10. Gu, J. and Lam, F. (2004), "Simplified mechanics-based wood frame shear wall model", Proceedings of the 13th World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Paper No. 3109. Vancouver, Canada.
  11. He, M., Li, Z., Lam, F., Ma, R. and Ma, Z. (2014), "Experimental investigation on lateral performance of steel-timber hybrid shear wall systems", J. Struct. Eng., 140(4), 04014029. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000855
  12. Kazantzi, A.K., Righiniotis, T.D. and Chryssanthopoulos, M.K. (2008), "Fragility and hazard analysis of a welded steel moment resisting frame", J. Earthq. Eng., 12(4), 596-615. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632460701512993
  13. Kazantzi, A.K., Righiniotis, T.D. and Chryssanthopoulos, M.K. (2011), "A simplified fragility methodology for regular steel MRFs", J. Earthq. Eng., 15(3), 390-403. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632469.2010.498559
  14. Li, M. and Lam, F. (2009), "Lateral performance of nonsymmetric diagonal-braced wood shear walls", J. Struct. Eng., 135(2), 178-186. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2009)135:2(178)
  15. Li, M., Lam, F. and Foschi, R.O. (2009), "Seismic reliability analysis of diagonal-braced and structural-panel-sheathed wood shear walls", J. Struct. Eng., 135(5), 587-596. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000008
  16. Li, Z., He, M., Lam, F., Li, M., Ma, R. and Ma, Z. (2014a), "Finite element modelling and parametric analysis of steel-timber hybrid structures", Struct. Des. Tall. Spec., 23(14), 1045-1063. https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.1107
  17. Li, Z., He, M., Li, M. and Lam, F. (2014b), "Damage assessment and performance-based seismic design of steel-timber hybrid shear wall systems", Earthq. Struct., 7(1), 101-117. https://doi.org/10.12989/eas.2014.7.1.101
  18. Li, Z., He, M., Ma, Z., Wang, K. and Ma, R. (2016), "In-plane behavior of steel-timber hybrid floor diaphragms: experimental testing and numerical simulation", J. Struct. Eng., 142(12), 04016119. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001601
  19. Li, Z., Dong, H., Wang, X. and He, M. (2017a), "Experimental and numerical investigations into seismic performance of timber-steel hybrid structure with supplemental dampers", Eng. Struct., 151, 33-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.08.011
  20. Li, Z., He, M.,Wang, X. and Li, M. (2017b), "Seismic performance assessment of steel frame infilled with prefabricated wood shear walls", J. Constr. Steel. Res., DOI: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2017.10.012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2017.10.012
  21. Noh, H.Y., Lignos, D.G., Nair, K.K. and Kiremidjian, A.S. (2012), "Development of fragility functions as a damage classification/prediction method for steel moment-resisting frames using a wavelet-based damage sensitive feature", Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 41(4), 681-696. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.1151
  22. Pozza, L. and Trutalli, D. (2017), "An analytical formulation of qfactor for mid-rise CLT buildings based on parametric numerical analyses", Bull. Earthq. Eng., 15(5), 2015-2033. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-016-0047-9
  23. Roeder, C., Lumpkin, E., and Lehman, D. (2012), "Seismic Performance Assessment of Concentrically Braced Steel Frames", Earthq. Spectra, 28(2), 709-727. https://doi.org/10.1193/1.4000006
  24. Sakamoto, I., Kawai, N., Okada, H., Yamaguchi, N., Isoda, H. and Yusa, S. (2004), "Final report of a research and development project on timber based hybrid building structures", Proceedings of the 8th World Conference on Timber Engineering, Finnish Association of Civil Engineers, Helsinki, Finland.
  25. Smith, T., Fragiacomo, M., Pampanin, S. and Buchanan, A. (2009), "Construction time and cost estimates for post-tensioned multi-storey timber buildings", Proc. Inst. Civil Eng. - Construction Materials, 162(4), 141-149. https://doi.org/10.1680/coma.2009.162.4.141
  26. Tesfamariam, S., Stiemer, S.F., Dickof, C. and Bezabeh, M.A. (2014), "Seismic vulnerability assessment of hybrid steel-timber structure steel frame with CLT infill", J. Earthq. Eng., 18(6): 929-944. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632469.2014.916240
  27. Van de Lindt, J.W., Pryor, S.E. and Pei, S. (2011), "Shake table testing of a full-scale seven-story steel-wood apartment building", Eng. Struct., 33(3), 757-766. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.11.031
  28. Wang, C. and Foliente, G.C. (2006), "Seismic reliability of low-rise nonsymmetric woodframe buildings", J. Struct. Eng., 132(5), 733-744. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2006)132:5(733)
  29. Yamaguchi, M., Kawai, N., Murakami, T., Shibata, N. and Namiki, Y. (2004), "Constructions and researches after the project of developing hybrid timber buildings", Proceedings of the 8th World Conference on Timber Engineering, Finnish Association of Civil Engineers, Helsinki, Finland.
  30. Zhang, X., Fairhurst, M. and Tannert, T. (2016), "Ductility estimation for a novel timber-steel hybrid system", J. Struct. Eng., 142(4), E4015001-1-11. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001296