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Effect of Color Developing by Water Treatment on Cotton Fabrics Dyed with Persimmon Extract

감물염색 면직물의 물에 의한 발색 효과

  • Kim, Ok soo (Dept. of Clothing and Textiles, Pusan National University) ;
  • Jang, Jeong dae (Dept. of Clothing and Textiles, Pusan National University)
  • Received : 2017.08.21
  • Accepted : 2017.09.15
  • Published : 2017.10.31

Abstract

In order to clarify an availability of water treatment for persimmon extract dyeing, effect of color developing by water treatment process on cotton fabrics dyed with persimmon extract was investigated. Dyed fabrics were dipped still water and circulation water in various temperature. Concerning water color developing, still water color developing and circulation water color developing have been examined, and the temperature of water has been apprehended to prepare an effective basis of water color development. The surface color based on circulation water color development displays low values of $a^{\ast}$ and $b^{\ast}$, and the range of the c value(Munsell chroma) is narrow and has the value of 2 to 3, thus displays the coloration of a dark tone. The effect of temperature in water color development was insignificant, due to the small difference in temperature from $20^{\circ}C$ to $40^{\circ}C$. At $80^{\circ}C$, remarkable color development manifested, which is evidence of the high influence of temperature. The effects of circulation were clear at low temperatures, and the effects of temperature highly manifested at high temperatures. Circulation water color development display great color development at all temperatures to allow industrial color development with the absence of sunlight, thereby having an effect of energy reduction and developing color in dark tones, however this also is a strength of persimmon extract concerning color diversification, and is judged to have great value of industrial and practical application.

Keywords

persimmon extract;cotton;still water;circulation water;water color developing

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