DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of dietary β-mannanase on productive performance, egg quality, and utilization of dietary energy and nutrients in aged laying hens raised under hot climatic conditions

  • Kim, Moon Chan ;
  • Kim, Jong Hyuk ;
  • Pitargue, Franco Martinez ;
  • Koo, Do Yoon ;
  • Choi, Hyeon Seok ;
  • Kil, Dong Yong
  • Received : 2017.04.09
  • Accepted : 2017.06.08
  • Published : 2017.10.01

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of dietary ${\beta}-mannanase$ on productive performance, egg quality, and utilization of dietary energy and nutrients in aged laying hens raised under hot climatic conditions. Methods: A total of 320 84-wk-old Hy-line Brown aged laying hens were allotted to one of four treatments with eight replicates in a completely randomized design. Two dietary treatments with high energy (HE; 2,800 kcal/kg nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolizable energy [$AME_n$]) and low energy (LE; 2,700 kcal/kg $AME_n$) were formulated. Two additional diets were prepared by adding 0.04% (MN4) or 0.08% ${\beta}-mannanase$ (MN8) to LE treatment diets. The feeding trial was conducted for 28 d, covering a period from July to August in South Korea. The average daily room temperature and relative humidity were $29.2^{\circ}C$ and 83%, respectively. Results: Productive performance, egg quality, and cloacal temperature were not influenced by dietary treatments. The measured $AME_n$ values for MN8 diets were similar to those for HE diets, which were greater (p<0.05) than those for LE and MN4 diets. However, the $AME_n$ values for MN8 diets did not differ from those for LE and MN4 diets. Conclusion: The addition of ${\beta}-mannanase$ to low energy diets increases energy values for diets fed to aged laying hens. However, this increase has little positive impacts on performance and egg quality. These results indicate that dietary ${\beta}-mannanase$ does not mitigate the heat stress of aged laying hens raised under hot climatic conditions.

Keywords

Aged Laying Hen;${\beta}-Mannanase$;Egg Quality;Hot Climatic Condition;Performance

References

  1. Lara LJ, Rostagno MH. Impact of heat stress on poultry production. Animals 2013;3:356-69. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani3020356
  2. Lin H, Jiao HC, Buyse J, Decuypere E. Strategies for preventing heat stress in poultry. Worlds Poult Sci J 2006;62:71-86. https://doi.org/10.1079/WPS200585
  3. Zhu YZ, Cheng JL, Ren M, Yin L, Piao XS. Effect of gamma-aminobutyric acid-producing Lactobacillus strain on laying performance, egg quality and serum enzyme activity in Hy-line Brown hens under heat stress. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2015;28:1006-13. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.15.0119
  4. Choct M, Dersjant-Li Y, McLeish J, Peisker M. Soy oligosaccharides and soluble non-starch polysaccharides: a review of digestion, nutritive and anti-nutritive effects in pigs and poultry. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2010;23:1386-98. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2010.90222
  5. Jozefiak D, Rutkowski A, Martin SA. Carbohydrate fermentation in the avian ceca: a review. Anim Feed Sci Technol 2004;113:1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2003.09.007
  6. Choct M, Hughes RJ, Wang J, et al. Increased small intestinal fermentation is partly responsible for the anti-nutritive activity of non-starch polysaccharides in chickens. Br Poult Sci 1996;37:609-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669608417891
  7. Nian F, Guo YM, Ru YJ, Li FD, Peron A. Effect of exogenous xylanase supplementation on the performance, net energy and gut microflora of broiler chickens fed wheat-based diets. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2011;24:400-6. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2011.10273
  8. CVB, Veevoedertalel (Feeding value of feed ingredients). Lelystad, The Netherlands: Central Veevoeder Bureau; 1998.
  9. Hussain M, Rehman AU, Khalid MF. Feeding value of guar meal and the application of enzymes in improving nutritive value for broilers. Worlds Poult Sci J 2012;68:253-68. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933912000311
  10. Shastak Y, Ader P, Feuerstein D, Ruehle R, Matuschek M. ${\beta}$-Mannan and mannanase in poultry nutrition. Worlds Poult Sci J 2015;71:161-73. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933915000136
  11. Kim JW, Shin HS, Kil DY. Effects of total collection method and dietary enzyme supplementation on the energy utilisation and metabolisable energy values of diets fed to broiler chickens. Europ Poult Sci 2016;80: https://doi.org/10.1399/eps.2016.126 https://doi.org/10.1399/eps.2016.126
  12. Smith AJ, Oliver J. Some physiological effects of high environmental temperatures on the laying hen. Poult Sci 1971;50:912-25. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0500912
  13. Committee on Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, National Research Council. Nutrient requirements of poultry. 9th ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1994.
  14. Kim JW, Kim JH, Shin JE, Kil DY. Relative bioavailability of copper in tribasic copper chloride to copper in copper sulfate for laying hens based on egg yolk and feather copper concentrations. Poult Sci 2016; 95:1591-7. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pew049
  15. Shin HS, Kim JW, Lee DG, Lee S, Kil DY. Bioavailability of lutein in corn distillers dried grains with solubles relative to lutein in corn gluten meal based on lutein retention in egg yolk. J Sci Food Agric 2016;96:3401-6. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.7520
  16. Eisen EJ, Bohren BB, Mckean HE. The haugh units as a measure of egg albumen quality. Poult Sci 1962;41:1461-8. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0411461
  17. AOAC. Official methods of analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 16th ed. Arlington, VA, USA: AOAC International; 1995.
  18. Vogtmann H, Pfirter HP, Prabucki AL. A new method of determining metabolizability of energy and digestibility of fatty acids in broiler diets. Br Poult Sci 1975;16:531-4. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071667508416222
  19. Kong C, Adeola O. Evaluation of amino acid and energy utilization in feedstuff for swine and poultry diets. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2014;27:917-25. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2014.r.02
  20. Lammers PJ, Kerr BJ, Honeyman MS, et al. Nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolizable energy value of crude glycerol for laying hens. Poult Sci 2008;87:104-7.
  21. Lee KW, Choi YI, Moon EJ, et al. Evaluation of dietary multiple enzyme preparation (Natuzyme) in laying hens. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2014;27:1749-54. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2014.14294
  22. Bhuiyan MM, Iji PA. Energy value of cassava products in broiler chicken diets with or without enzyme supplementation. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2015;28:1317-26. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.14.0915
  23. Abdollahi MR, Hosking BJ, Ning D, Ravindran V. Influence of palm kernel meal inclusion and exogenous enzyme supplementation on growth performance, energy utilization, and nutrient digestibility in young broilers. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2016;29:539-48. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.15.0224
  24. Ouhida I, Perez JF, Anguita M, Gasa J. Influence of ${\beta}$-mannase on broiler performance, digestibility, and intestinal fermentation. J Appl Poult Res 2002;11:244-9. https://doi.org/10.1093/japr/11.3.244
  25. Kong C, Lee JH, Adeola O. Supplementation of ${\beta}$-mannanase to starter and grower diets for broilers. Can J Anim Sci 2011;91:389-97. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjas10066
  26. Kwon WB, Kim BG. Effects of supplemental beta-mannanase on digestible energy and metabolizable energy contents of copra expellers and palm kernel expellers fed to pigs. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2015;28:1014-9. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.15.0275
  27. Leeson S, Summers JD. Commercial poultry production. 3rd ed. Nottingham, UK: Nottingham University Press; 2005.
  28. Wu G, Bryant MM, Voitle RA, Roland DA. Effect of ${\beta}$-mannanase in corn-soy diets on commercial leghorns in second-cycle hens. Poult Sci 2005;84:894-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/84.6.894
  29. Daskiran MR, Teeter G, Fodge DW, Hsiao HY. An evaluation of endo- ${\beta}$- D-mannanase (Hemicell) effects on broiler performance and energy use in diets varying in ${\beta}$-mannan content. Poult Sci 2004;83:662-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/83.4.662
  30. Zangiabadi H, Torki M. The effect of ${\beta}$-mannanase-based enzyme on growth performance and humoral immune response of broiler chickens fed diets containing graded levels of whole dates. Trop Anim Health Prod 2010;42:1209-17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9550-1

Cited by

  1. Effects of dietary β-mannanase supplementation on the additivity of true metabolizable energy values for broiler diets vol.31, pp.4, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.17.0785

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), Chung-Ang University