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The Insoluble Problem of the Social Contract and Naturalized Social Contract

사회계약론의 풀리지 않는 문제와 사회계약론의 자연화

  • Received : 2017.05.18
  • Accepted : 2017.08.16
  • Published : 2017.08.31

Abstract

According to Braybrooke(1976) and Sobel(1976), the traditional problem of the social contract is insoluble as long as it assume the 'agents with the rational egoistic motivations' in the 'circumstances such as the state of nature'. The problem of social contract is so called because it defies solution and it runs in the family of social contract theory. Then, do contemporary social contract theories have a solution? I argue that contemporary social contractarians fail to supply a solution due to a previous question or a circulation problem in their theories. And then, I show how conventionalism helps social contractarianism escape the problem.