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북한이탈여성의 일과 자녀돌봄 양립 경험에 관한 융합연구

Convergent Research on Balancing Experience of Work and Child care of North Korean Female Defectors

  • 투고 : 2017.08.31
  • 심사 : 2017.10.20
  • 발행 : 2017.10.28

초록

본 연구는 남한에 거주하고 있는 북한이탈여성의 일과 자녀돌봄 양립 경험을 총체적으로 이해하고 분석하고자 실시되었다. 연구자는 서울 및 수도권에 거주하고 있는 맞벌이 가정의 북한이탈여성 5명을 선택하고 심층면접을 실시하여 자료를 수집하였다. 자료는 현상학적 질적연구 방법으로 분석하여 구성요소 5개와 하위구성요소 14개가 도출되었다. 연구결과 <북한에서의 성장 배경>을 가진 연구참여자들은 <탈북과정에서의 가족 해체 및 재구성>의 복잡한 과정을 거치면서 남한에 입국했다. <남한 정착과정에서 자녀돌봄의 어려움>과 <진로 선택과 취업 지속의 어려움>사이에서 고군분투했으며 그와 관련하여 <조화로운 일-자녀돌봄의 양립을 위한 제안>을 제시하였다. 본 연구의 결과를 토대로 북한이탈여성의 일과 자녀돌봄을 균형있게 양립할 수 있는 실천적 서비스를 위한 제안으로서 부모교육, 경력경로 형성 프로그램, 성인지적 관점의 정책개발을 제시하였다. 또한 연구의 한계와 후속연구에 대한 제언을 제공하였다.

키워드

북한이탈여성;일과 자녀돌봄;양립경험;융합적 연구;현상학적 방법

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