A Review of Solid Waste Management using System Dynamics Modeling

  • Popli, Kanchan (Department of Environmental Sciences and Biotechnology, Hallym University) ;
  • Sudibya, Gamal Luckman (Department of Environmental Sciences and Biotechnology, Hallym University) ;
  • Kim, Seungdo (Department of Environmental Sciences and Biotechnology, Hallym University)
  • Received : 2017.10.03
  • Accepted : 2017.10.24
  • Published : 2017.10.31


Solid waste management is currently a topic of concern, particularly in the protection of humans and the environment from toxic pollutants and hazardous materials. The importance of solid waste management is recognized at international, national, and community levels. Different agendas have been prioritized and assigned to improve quality of life, productivity, and health, and reduce the burden of pollution. Suitable management of solid waste requires appropriate technology that is affordable, socially accepted, and environmentally friendly. The use of a smart management system involving system dynamics can save energy, money, and labor. System dynamics is a computer-based approach that aids in predicting the behavioral patterns of variables, and correlating dependent and independent variables. The inclusion of system dynamics-based models in solid waste management has recently become more common. In this review, we used system dynamics to determine methods to disentangle solid waste management systems and analyzed different studies on solid waste management using system dynamics in different countries in detail. We also discussed the various software packages that are available for system dynamics and their usefulness for waste management. This review may help in understanding current solid waste management practices using system dynamics.


Solid waste;Solid waste management;System dynamics;Software


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