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Mathematical Model Simulations Assessing the Effects of Temperature on Residual Chlorine Concentrations in Water Storage Tanks

온도 변화에 따른 수돗물 저장 저수조 내 잔류염소에 관한 수학적 모형 시뮬레이션

  • Noh, Yoorae (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Yonsei University) ;
  • Park, Joonhong (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Yonsei University)
  • 노유래 (연세대학교 토목환경공학과) ;
  • 박준홍 (연세대학교 토목환경공학과)
  • Received : 2017.02.01
  • Accepted : 2017.03.20
  • Published : 2017.03.30

Abstract

To ensure hygienic safety of drinking water in a water storage tank, the concentrations of residual chlorine should be above a certain regulation level. In this study, we conducted model simulations to investigate the effects of temperature on residual chlorine in water storage tank conditions typically used in Seoul. For this, values of model parameters (decomposition rate constant, sorption coefficient, and evaporation mass transfer coefficient) were experimentally determined from laboratory experiments. The model simulations under continuous flow conditions showed that the residual chlorine concentrations were satisfied the water quality standard level (0.1 mg/L) at all the temperature conditions ($5^{\circ}C$, $10^{\circ}C$, $15^{\circ}C$, $20^{\circ}C$ and $25^{\circ}C$). Meanwhile, when the tanks had a no flow condition (i.e., no tap-water influent due to a sudden shut-down), the concentrations became lower than the regulatory level after certain periods. The findings from this modeling works simulating Seoul's water storage tanks suggested disappearance rate of residual chlorine could be reduced through the tanks design optimization with maintenance of low water temperature, minimization of air flow and volume, suppression of dispersion and the use of wall materials with low sorption ability.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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