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A Review of Outgassing and Methods for its Reduction

  • Grinham, Rebecca ;
  • Chew, Dr Andrew
  • Received : 2017.06.26
  • Accepted : 2017.08.31
  • Published : 2017.09.30

Abstract

There are several contributions to the gas load of a system of which often the most important is outgassing. Adsorption occurs via two main processes, physisorption and chemisorption, and can be described using five (or six) classifying isotherms. Outgassing is the result of desorption of previously adsorbed molecules, bulk diffusion, permeation and vapourisation. Looking at the desorption rate, pumping speed and readsorption on surfaces, the net outgassing of the system can be calculated. There is significant variation in measured outgassing rates between different materials but also between published rates for the same materials, in part due to the number of different methods used to measure outgassing. This article aims to review the outgassing process, outgassing rates, measurement methods and techniques that can be used to reduce the outgassing of a system.

Keywords

Outgassing;Materials;Surfaces;Cleanliness;Particle-free

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