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DOI QR Code

Inhibitory Effect of Hizikia fusiformis Solvent-Partitioned Fractions on Invasion and MMP Activity of HT1080 Human Fibrosarcoma Cells

  • Lee, Seul-Gi ;
  • Karadeniz, Fatih ;
  • Oh, Jung Hwan ;
  • Yu, Ga Hyun ;
  • Kong, Chang-Suk
  • Received : 2017.04.12
  • Accepted : 2017.08.21
  • Published : 2017.09.30

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are endopeptidases that take significant roles in extracellular matrix degradation and therefore linked to several complications such as metastasis of cancer progression, oxidative stress, and hepatic fibrosis. Hizikia fusiformis, a brown algae, was reported to possess bioactivities, including but not limited to, antiviral, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory partly due to bioactive polysaccharide contents. In this study, the potential of H. fusiformis against cancer cell invasion was evaluated through the MMP inhibitory effect in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells in vitro. H. fusiformis crude extract was fractionated with organic solvents, $H_2O$, n-BuOH, 85% aqueous MeOH, and n-hexane (n-Hex). The non-toxicity of the fractions was confirmed by MTT assay. All fractions inhibited the enzymatic activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 according to the gelatin zymography assay. Cell migration was also significantly inhibited by the n-Hex fraction. In addition, both gene and protein expressions of MMP-2 and -9, and tissue inhibitor of MMPs (TIMPs) were evaluated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. The fractions suppressed the mRNA and protein levels of MMP-2, MMP-9 while elevating the TIMP-1 and TIMP-2, with the $H_2O$ fraction being the least effective while n-Hex fraction the most. Collectively, the n-Hex fraction from brown algae H. fusiformis could be a potential inhibitor of MMPs, suggesting the presence of various derivatives of polysaccharides in high amounts.

Keywords

cell migration;zymography;Hizikia fusiformis;MMP;TIMP

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)