- Volume 36 Issue 3
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Effect of Nitrogen Fertigation on The Growth and Nutrition Uptake of 'Brightwell' Rabbiteye Blueberry
질소관비 수준이 래빗아이 블루베리 '브라이트웰'의 생장과 양분흡수에 미치는 영향
- Kwack, Yong-Bum (Namhae Branch, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Chae, Won-Byoung (Korea Program on International Agriculture, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Lee, Mock-hee (Namhae Branch, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Jeong, Hae-Won (Namhae Branch, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Rhee, Han-Cheol (Namhae Branch, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Kim, Jin-Gook (Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Gyeongsang National University) ;
- Kim, Hong-Lim (Namhae Branch, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration)
- 곽용범 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 남해출장소) ;
- 채원병 (농촌진흥청 국외농업기술과) ;
- 이목희 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 남해출장소) ;
- 정해원 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 남해출장소) ;
- 이한철 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 남해출장소) ;
- 김진국 (국립경상대학교 농업생명과학대학 원예학과) ;
- 김홍림 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 남해출장소)
- Received : 2017.08.28
- Accepted : 2017.09.25
- Published : 2017.09.30
BACKGROUND: Rabbiteye blueberry(Vaccinium ashei Reade) has low nutrient uptake efficiency due to its shallow and fibrous root system without root hairs. This study was carried out to establish an efficient nutrient application standard by investigating the effect of nitrogen fertigation on the growth and fruit characteristics of rabbiteye blueberry. METHODS AND RESULTS: 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberry was treated with 0, 50, 100 and 200% nitrogen fertigation of recommended fertilizer application (6, 9 and 14 g/bush in the first, second and third years, respectively). The results showed that leaf nitrogen content significantly correlated with the fruit weight and fruit yield. However, canopy area, dry weight, sugar and anthocyanin contents did not correlate significantly with the leaf nitrogen content. The leaf and stem dry weights of 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberry during the third year of planting were the highest with 50% nitrogen fertigation (leaf dry weight=723.7 g/bush; stem dry weight=890.7 g/bush). Maximum fruit yield of 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberry (12.9 kg/bush) was observed during the third year of planting with 50% nitrogen fertigation and this was about 70% greater than the treatment that received no nitrogen fertigation. The fruit yields of 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberry during the third year of planting treated with 100 and 200% nitrogen fertigation were 11.0 and 11.5 kg/bush, and these were 17 and 12%lower than the 50% nitrogen fertigation treatment, respectively. Further, the efficiency of nitrogen utilization was the highest (90%) with 50% nitrogen fertigation and lowest (18%) with 200% nitrogen fertigation. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggests that fertigation with 50% of the recommended fertilizer could be most effective for enhancing the growth and nitrogen use efficiency of rabbiteye blueberry.
Supported by : Rural Development Administration (RDA)
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