- Volume 36 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
Effect of Nitrogen Fertigation on The Growth and Nutrition Uptake of 'Brightwell' Rabbiteye Blueberry
질소관비 수준이 래빗아이 블루베리 '브라이트웰'의 생장과 양분흡수에 미치는 영향
- Kwack, Yong-Bum ;
- Chae, Won-Byoung ;
- Lee, Mock-hee ;
- Jeong, Hae-Won ;
- Rhee, Han-Cheol ;
- Kim, Jin-Gook ;
- Kim, Hong-Lim
- Received : 2017.08.28
- Accepted : 2017.09.25
- Published : 2017.09.30
BACKGROUND: Rabbiteye blueberry(Vaccinium ashei Reade) has low nutrient uptake efficiency due to its shallow and fibrous root system without root hairs. This study was carried out to establish an efficient nutrient application standard by investigating the effect of nitrogen fertigation on the growth and fruit characteristics of rabbiteye blueberry. METHODS AND RESULTS: 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberry was treated with 0, 50, 100 and 200% nitrogen fertigation of recommended fertilizer application (6, 9 and 14 g/bush in the first, second and third years, respectively). The results showed that leaf nitrogen content significantly correlated with the fruit weight and fruit yield. However, canopy area, dry weight, sugar and anthocyanin contents did not correlate significantly with the leaf nitrogen content. The leaf and stem dry weights of 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberry during the third year of planting were the highest with 50% nitrogen fertigation (leaf dry weight=723.7 g/bush; stem dry weight=890.7 g/bush). Maximum fruit yield of 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberry (12.9 kg/bush) was observed during the third year of planting with 50% nitrogen fertigation and this was about 70% greater than the treatment that received no nitrogen fertigation. The fruit yields of 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberry during the third year of planting treated with 100 and 200% nitrogen fertigation were 11.0 and 11.5 kg/bush, and these were 17 and 12%lower than the 50% nitrogen fertigation treatment, respectively. Further, the efficiency of nitrogen utilization was the highest (90%) with 50% nitrogen fertigation and lowest (18%) with 200% nitrogen fertigation. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggests that fertigation with 50% of the recommended fertilizer could be most effective for enhancing the growth and nitrogen use efficiency of rabbiteye blueberry.
Growth;Nitrogen Fertigation;Rabbiteye blueberry;Soil
- Austin, M. E., & Bondari, K. (1988). Fertilizer rate and hedging intensity influences on the yield and fruit size of rabbiteye blueberry cultivar Tifblue. Fertilizer Research, 18(3), 233-243. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01049573
- Ballinger, W. E., & Kushman, L. J. (1996). Factors affecting the mineral-element content of leaves and fruit of Wolcott blueberries. Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 88, 325-330.
- Banados, M. P., Strik, B. C., Bryla, D. R., & Righetti, T. L. (2012). Response of highbush blueberry to nitrogen fertilizer during field establishment, I: accumulation and allocation of fertilizer nitrogen and biomass. HortScience, 47(5), 648-655.
- Barnes, J. S., Nguyen, H. P., Shen, S., & Schug, K. A. (2009). General method for extraction of blueberry anthocyanins and identification using high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-ion traptime of flight-mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, 1216(23), 4728-4735. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.04.032
- Bhat, K. K. S. (1983). Nutrient inflows into apple roots. Plant and Soil, 71(1-3), 371-380. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02182678
- Black, B. L., & Zimmerman, R. H. (2002). Mixtures of coal ash and compost as substrates for highbush blueberry. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 127(5), 869-877.
- Bryla, D. R., & Machado, R. M. (2011). Comparative effects of nitrogen fertigation and granular fertilizer application on growth and availability of soil nitrogen during establishment of highbush blueberry. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2, 46-53.
- Bryla, D. R., Shireman, A. D., & Machado, R. M. (2008). Effects of method and level of nitrogen fertilizer application on soil pH, electrical conductivity, and availability of ammonium and nitrate in blueberry. In VI International Symposium on Mineral Nutrition of Fruit Crops, 868, 95-102.
- Claussen, W., & Lenz, F. (1999). Effect of ammonium or nitrate nutrition on net photosynthesis, growth, and activity of the reductase and glutamine synthetase in blueberry, raspberry and strawberry. Plant and Soil, 208(1), 95-102. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004543128899
- Coakley, S. M., Scherm, H., & Chakraborty, S. (1999). Climate change and plant disease management. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 37(1), 399-426. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.phyto.37.1.399
- Connor, A. M., Luby, J. J., & Tong, C. B. S. (2002). Variability in antioxidant activity in blueberry and correlations among different antioxidant activity assays. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 127(2), 238-244.
- Cooley, D. R., Gamble, J. W., & Autio, W. R. (1997). Summer pruning as a method for reducing flyspeck disease on apple fruit. Plant Disease, 81(10), 1123-1126. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.19188.8.131.523
- Cummings, G. A. (1978). Plant and soil effects of fertilizer and lime applied to highbush blueberries. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 103, 302-305.
- Darnell, R. L. (1991). Photoperiod, carbon partitioning and reproductive development in rabbiteye blueberry. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 116(5), 856-860.
- Ehret, D. L., Frey, B., Forge, T., Helmer, T., Bryla, D. R., & Zebarth, B. J. (2014). Effects of nitrogen rate and application method on early production and fruit quality in highbush blueberry. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 94(7), 1165-1179. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjps2013-401
- Finn, C. E., & Warmund, M. R. (1996). Fertigation vs. surface application of nitrogen during blueberry plant establishment. In VI International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture, 446, 397-402.
- Glonek, J., & Komosa, A. (2004). The effect of fertigation on the nutrient status and yield of highbush blueberry cv. Bluecrop. In VIII International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture, 715, 371-374.
- Gough, R. E. (1993). The highbush blueberry and its management. Food Products Press, New York, USA.
- Hagin, J., & Lowengart, A. (1996). Fertigation for minimizing environmental pollution by fertilizers. In Fertilizers and Environment, 23-25.
- Hall, I. V., Craig, D. L., & Aalders, L. E. (1963). The effect of photoperiod on the growth the flowering of the highbush blueberry(Vaccinium corymbosum L.). Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 82, 260-263.
- Harmsen, K., & Moraghan, J. T. (1988). A comparison of the isotope recovery and difference methods for determining nitrogen fertilizer efficiency. Plant and Soil, 105(1), 55-67. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02371143
- Hartl, W., & Erhart, E. (2005). Crop nitrogen recovery and soil nitrogen dynamics in a 10-year field experiment with biowaste compost. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 168(6), 781-788. https://doi.org/10.1002/jpln.200521702
- Hartz, T. K., Johnstone, P. R., Francis, D. M., & Miyao, E. M. (2005). Processing tomato yield and fruit quality improved with potassium fertigation. HortScience, 40(6), 1862-1867.
- Haynes, R. J., & Swift, R. S. (1985). Effects of soil acidification on the chemical extractability of Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu and their uptake by highbush blueberry plants. Plant and Soil, 84(2), 201-212. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02143184
- Holzapfel, E. A., Hepp, R. F., & Marino, M. A. (2004). Effect of irrigation on fruit production in blueberry. Agricultural Water Management, 67(3), 173-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2004.02.008
- Hoover, E., Luby, J., Rosen, C., & Propsom, F. (1999). Blueberries for Home Landscapes, College of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Sciences, Regents of the University of Minnesota, 1-2.
- Kang, B. K., Kim, H. J., Lee, K. J., Kim, J. J., & Hong, S. D. (2001). Salt movement of soils by runoff in greenhouse area. Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 20(2), 112-115.
- Kavoosi, M. (2007). Effects of zeolite application on rice yield, nitrogen recovery, and nitrogen use efficiency. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 38(1-2), 69-76. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620601093652
- Kim, H. L., Kim, H. D., Kim, J. G., Kwack, Y. B., & Choi, Y. H. (2010). Effect of organic substrates mixture ratio on 2-year-old highbush blueberry growth and soil chemical properties. Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 43(6), 858-863.
- Kim, H. L., Kwack, Y. B., Kim, H. D., Kim, J. G., & Choi, Y. H. (2011). Effect of different soil water potentials on growth properties of northern-highbush blueberry. Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 44(2), 161-167. https://doi.org/10.7745/KJSSF.2011.44.2.161
- Kim, H. L., Lim, J. H., Sohn, B. K., & Kim, Y. J. (2003). Chemical properties of cut-flower rose-growing soils in plastic film houses. Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 36(3), 113-118.
- Klein, I., & Spieler, G. (1987). Fertigation of apples with nitrate or ammonium nitrogen under drip irrigation. II. Nutrient distribution in the soil 1. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 18(3), 323-339. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103628709367822
- Korcak, R. F. (1989). Variation in nutrient requirements of blueberries and other calcifuges. HortScience, 24, 573-578.
- Kozinski, B. (2004). Influence of mulching and nitrogen fertilization rate on growth and yield of highbush blueberry. In VIII International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture, 715, 231-236.
- Li, J., Zhang, J., & Ren, L. (2003). Water and nitrogen distribution as affected by fertigation of ammonium nitrate from a point source. Irrigation Science, 22(1), 19-30.
- Merwin, I. A., & Stiles, W. C. (1994). Orchard groundcover management impacts on apple tree growth and yield, and nutrient availability and uptake. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 119(2), 209-215.
- Patten, K., Neuendorff, E., Nimr, G., Haby, V., &Wright, G. (1988). Cultural practices to reduce salinity/sodium damage of rabbiteye blueberry bushs (Vaccinium ashei Reade). In IV International Symposiumon Vaccinium Culture, 241, 207-212.
- Rao, A. C. S., Smith, J. L., Parr, J. F., & Papendick, R. I. (1992). Considerations in estimating nitrogen recovery efficiency by the difference and isotopic dilution methods. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 33(3), 209-217.
- Retamales, J. B., Hanson, E. J., & Bukovac, M. J. (1997). GA3 as a flowering inhibitor in blueberries. In International Symposium on Growth and Development of Fruit Crops, 527, 147-152.
- Retamales, J. B., & Hanson, E. J. (1989). Fate of 15Nlabeled urea applied to mature highbush blueberries. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 114, 920-923.
- Retamales, J. B., & Hancock, J. F. (2012). Blueberries Cabi, 21, 107-214.
- Spiers, J. M. (1983). Influence of N, K, and Na concentration on growth and leaf element content of 'Tifblue' rabbiteye blueberry. HortScience, 18(2), 223-224.
- Strik, B. C. (2008). Growing blueberries in your home garden, Oregon State University, 1-7.
- Takeda, F., Krewer, G., Andrews, E. L., Mullinix, B., & Peterson, D. L. (2008). Assessment of the V45 blueberry harvester on rabbiteye blueberry and southern highbush blueberry pruned to V-shaped canopy. HortTechnology, 18(1), 130-138.
- Thomas, C. S., Marois, J. J., & English, J. T. (1988). The effects of wind speed, temperature, and relative humidity on development of aerial mycelium and conidia of Botrytis cinerea on grape. Phytopathology, 78(3), 260-265. https://doi.org/10.1094/Phyto-78-260
- Throop, A. T. & Hanson, E. J. (1997). Effect of application date on absorption of 15nitrogen by highbush blueberry. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 122(3), 422-426.
- Vargas, O. L., & Bryla, D. R. (2015). Growth and fruit production of highbush blueberry fertilized with ammonium sulfate and urea applied by fertigation or as granular fertilizer. HortScience, 50(3), 479-485.
- Wilber, W. L., & Williamson, J. G. (2008). Effects of fertilizer rate on growth and fruiting of containerized southern highbush blueberry. HortScience, 43(1), 143-145.
- Williamson, J. G., & Miller, E. P. (2009). Effects of fertilizer rate and form on vegetative growth and yield of southern highbush blueberry in pine bark culture. HortTechnology, 19(1), 152-157.
- Bush Growth and Fruit Quality of ‘Duke’ Blueberry Influenced by Nutritional Composition in Unheated Plastic House vol.27, pp.4, 2018, https://doi.org/10.12791/KSBEC.2018.27.4.319
Supported by : Rural Development Administration (RDA)