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Analysis of Social Innovation Paradigm of Northern European Design Governance - Focusing on Design-driven Social Innovation Cases in Finland, Denmark and Germany

북유럽 디자인 거버넌스의 사회혁신 패러다임 분석 -핀란드, 덴마크, 독일의 디자인 주도 사회혁신 사례를 중심으로-

  • Jeon, Young-Ok (International Design School for Advanced Studies, Hongik University)
  • 전영옥 (홍익대학교 국제디자인전문대학원)
  • Received : 2017.08.01
  • Accepted : 2017.09.20
  • Published : 2017.09.28

Abstract

The aim of this research is to examine patterns of design governance used by Northern European countries to respond to social crises and understand design governance as a tool for sophistication of social services and social integration. Design governance as applied in Sitra of Finland, MindLab of Denmark and the Gulliver project of Germany encourages using design methodology for analyzing and solving problems related to social phenomena based on involvement of the private, public, industrial, and academic groups. Especially, the citizens are actively involved in developing problem-solving ideas and designing new policy with other governance members, rather than simply providing information or one-time participation. In the cases discussed in this study, design governance reduce unnecessary administrative and financial consumption and inconvenience caused by complicated rules, based on field-oriented approach, regional characteristics, pluralism, and respect for diversity. Therefore, future design policy paradigm will need to evolve into concept of policy design and pluralistic monitoring centered on design governance based on participation of private sector to lead policy development, from the current system in which only few officials decide policy.

Keywords

Design Governance;Social Innovation;Design-driven;Design Policy;Citizen-centered

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