Moderating Effects of Interpersonal Relation and Social Network on the Relationship between Depression and Health Behavior in Elderly

노인의 우울과 건강증진행위와의 관계에서 대인관계와 사회적 지지의 조절효과

  • Received : 2017.07.31
  • Accepted : 2017.09.20
  • Published : 2017.09.28


This study was conducted to identify moderating effects of interpersonal relation and social support on the relationship between depression and health promoting behaviors in the elderly. The participants were 286 elderly using two elderly welfare centers and one cultural center in D city. Data were collected from October 12th to 20th December, 2016, and were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, multiple regression using SPSS 20.0. The result were as follows; The result were as follows; 1) Mean score of variables was Depression: 20.47, interpersonal relationship: 21.27 points, social support: 20.92 points, and health promotion behaviors: 111.69. 2) Depression had negative relationship with interpersonal relationship(r=-.283, p<.000), social network (r=-.391, p<.000), health promotion behaviors(r=-.611, p<.000), and interpersonal relationship had positive relationship with social support(r=.353, p<.000) and health promotion behaviors(r=.372, p<.000) significantly. 3) Social support had a moderating effect in the relationship between depression and health promoting behaviors(${\beta}=.448$, p=.011), while interpersonal relationship did not show moderation effect(${\beta}=.380$, p=.135). Based on these results, health program for elderly including social support is recommended to promote health behavior of the elderly in the community.


Depression;Elderly;Health promotion;Interpersonal relation;Social support


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