DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study on Happiness of Nursing Students

간호대학생의 행복감에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2017.07.31
  • Accepted : 2017.09.20
  • Published : 2017.09.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing happiness of nursing students. Data were collected from 219 nursing students in G city and analyzed by the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. The degree of happiness of nursing students was $27.77{\pm}.2.99$. Happiness had negative correlations with stress in (r=-.889, p<.001), and positive correlations with Gratitude disposition (r=.335, p<.001), Social support (r=.334, p<.001). Factors that had an influence on happiness included stress(${\beta}=-.844$, p<.001), gratitude disposition(${\beta}=.126$, p<.001), grade point average(${\beta}=-.083$, p=.003), social support,(${\beta}=.090$, p=.005). These factors explained 84.0% of the variance in nursing students happiness. These results suggest that development of program to improve happiness of nursing students.

Keywords

Nursing students;Gratitude disposition;Social support;Stress;Happiness

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 광주대학교

References

  1. E. Diener, "Subjective well-being, psychological bulletin", Vol. 95, No. 3, pp.542-575, 1984. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.95.3.542
  2. Y. S. Youm, "Collection of Korean child well-being index and its international comparison with other OECD countries", Institute for Social Development Studies Yonsei University, pp.11-19. 2016. www.korsofa.org
  3. Statistics Korea. "Cause of death statistics 2015", [Internet]. 2016 Sept 27[cited 2017 July 2]. Available from:http://www.kostat.go.kr/portal/korea/kor_nw/2/6/2/index.board?bmode=read&aSeq=356345&pageNo=&rowNum=10&amSeq=&sTarget=&sTxt=
  4. S. Y. Bae, S. H. Kim, "Analysis of convergent influence of positive emotion, negative emotion and job seeking stress on depression among college women of health affiliated educations", J of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14. No. 3, pp.269-278, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.3.269 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.3.269
  5. E. S. Choi, "Research: psychometric test of the peds QLTM 4.0 generic core scale in korean adolescents", J. of nursing query, Vol. 14, No, 1, pp.166-182, 2005.
  6. R. Veenhoven, "Is happiness relative?", Social Indicators Research, Vol. 24, pp.1-34, 1991. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00292648
  7. M. H. Jeong, M. A. Shin, "The relationship between self-esteem and satisfaction in major of nursing students", J. of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp.170-177, 2006.
  8. K. H. Jo, "Perception of undergraduate nursing students toward happiness: a Q-methodological approach", The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp.178-89, 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2011.17.2.178: https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2011.17.2.178
  9. J. G. Kim, H. S. Park, "The factors related to happiness among nursing students", J. of The Korean Data Analysis Society, Vol. 17, Vol. 1, pp.545-559, 2015.
  10. J. H. Kim, H. O. Jeon, "Factors influencing subjective happiness in nursing students: focused on psycho-social factors", J. of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing", Vol. 25 No. 2, pp.123-132, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.2.123 https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.2.123
  11. Y. S. Kim, M. Y. Han, "Factors influencing happiness index of nursing students", J. of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, Vol. 21 No. 5, pp.501-510, 2015. https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2015.21.5.501
  12. J. I. Kim, , Y. K. Kim, Y. M. Jo, "A study on the factors affecting happiness in nursing students", J. of The Korean Data Analysis Society, Vol. 18, No. 2(B), pp.1137-1149, 2016.
  13. W. H. Jun, K. S. Cha, K. L. Lee, "Factors affecting subjective well-being in nursing students", J. of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, Vol. 21, No, 2, pp.276-84, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2015.21.2.276 https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2015.21.2.276
  14. G. Y. Jo, H. S. Park, "Predictors of subjective happiness for nursing students", J. of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp.160-169. 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/kais.2011.12.1.160
  15. H. S. Park, "Stress, yangsaeng and subjective happiness among female undergraduate nursing students in the republic of Korean", J. of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp.471-481. 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2014.20.4.471 https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2014.20.4.471
  16. D. Ruiz-Aranda, N. Extremera, C. Pineda-Galan, "Emotional intelligence, life satisfaction and subjective happiness in female student health professionals: the mediating effect of perceived stress", J. of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp.106-113. 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12052 https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12052
  17. B. S. Kim, "Economic activity state of new graduates", Labor Rev, September, pp.37-49. 2014.
  18. S. H. Cheon, "Relationships among daily hassles, social support, entrapment and mental health status by gender in university students", Korean J. of Women Health Nursing, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp.223-235, 2012. https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2012.18.3.223
  19. K. M. Yang, S. Y. Bang, S. Y. Kim, "Factors influencing suicidal ideation in university students", Korean J. of Stress Research, Vol. 20, pp.41-50, 2012.
  20. M. G. Adler, N. S. Fagley, "Appreciation: individual differences in finding value and meaning as a unique predictor of subjective well-being", J. of Personality, Vol. 73, No. 1, pp.79-114, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2004.00305.x
  21. R. Emmons, "Gratitude, subjective well-being, and the brain", The Science of Subjective Well-Being, Vol. 11, pp.469-489, 2008.
  22. B. L. Fredrickson, M. M. Tugade, C. E. Waugh, G. R. Larkin, "What good are positive emotions in crisis?: a prospective study of resilience and emotions following the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11th, 2001", J. of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 84, No. 2, pp.365-376, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.84.2.365
  23. B. H. Son, Y. M. Kim, I. G. Jun, "A study on nursing students's job esteem, work values, and satisfaction of their major", Korean J. of Occupational Health Nursing, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp.240-249, 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.3.240 https://doi.org/10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.3.240
  24. R. A. Emmons, M. E. McCullough, "Counting blessings versus burdens: an experimental investigation of gratitude and subjective well-being in daily life", J. of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 84, pp.377-389, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.84.2.377
  25. P. C. Watkins, K. Woodward, T. Stone, R. L. Kolts, "Gratitude and happiness: development of a measure of gratitude, and relationships with subjective well-being", Social Behavior and personality, Vol. 31, pp.431-451, 2003. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2003.31.5.431
  26. S. H. Lee, E. D. Choi, "Effects of hope, rateful disposition, workplace spirituality on organizational citizenship behavior among nurses", J. of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp.277-286, 2017. https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2017.18.2.277 https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2017.18.2.277
  27. F. Faul, E. Erdfelder, A. Buchner, A. G. Lang, "Statistical power analyses using G*Power 3.1: tests for correlation and regression analyses", Behavior Research Methods, Vol. 41, pp.1149-1160, 2009. https://doi.org/10.3758/BRM.41.4.1149
  28. M. E. McCullough, R. A. Emmons, J. Tsang, "The grateful disposition: a conceptual and empirical topology", J. of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 82, pp.112-127, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.82.1.112
  29. S. J. Kwon, K. H Kim, H. S. Lee, "Validation of the Korean version of gratitude questionnaire", The Korean Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 11, pp.177-190, 2006.
  30. J. W. Park, "A study on the developing of social support scale", Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Hanyang University, Seoul. 1985.
  31. S. Cohen, T. Kamarck, R. Mermelstein, "A global measure of perceived stress," J. of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 24, pp. 385-396, 1983. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2136404 https://doi.org/10.2307/2136404
  32. S. Cohen, G. Williamson, Perceived stress in a probability sample of the US, In S. Spacapam & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The social psychology of health: Claremont Symposium on Applied Social Psychology. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1988.
  33. J. E. Lee, "The effects of self-complexity and self-efficacy on depression and perceived stress", Department of Psychology The Graduate School of Ajou Universit, 2005.
  34. E. K. Suh, J. S. Koo, "A concise measure of subjective well-being(COMOSWB): scale development and validation", The Korean J. of Social and Personality Psychology, Vol. 25, pp.96-114, 2011.
  35. S. Y. Bae, S. H. Kim, "Analysis of convergent Iinfluence of self esteem, depression, hopelessness, locus of control and type A behavior pattern on job seeking stress among some college women", J. of Digital Convergence, Voi. 14, No. 12, pp.323-333, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.12.323 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.12.323
  36. S. A. Ahn, M. Y. Sim, "A study on the mediation effects of depression and self-efficacy on college students' stress and subjective happiness", J. of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society Vol. 16, No. 10 pp.7021-7033, 2015. https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2015.16.10.7021
  37. S. H. Son, J. Y. Park, K. H. Suh, "Relationships between gratitude disposition, subjective well-being, and feeling of happiness among female workers: focused on mediating effects of job attitude", Korean J. of Stress Research, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp.215-223, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.4.215 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.4.215
  38. H. C. Cho, "A study on the stress involved in preparing for employment on college student"s happiness: the moderating effects of social support," Studies on Korean Youth, Vol. 24, No.1, pp.157-184, 2003.
  39. E. D. Diener, E. M. Suh, R. E. Lucas, H. L. Smith, "Subjective well-being: three decades of progress", Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 125, No, 2, pp.276-302, 1999. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.125.2.276
  40. S. J. Kang, J. Y. Lee, "The moderating effects of gratitude disposition and interpersonal competence on the relationship between teachers's teaching flow and happiness", The J. of Yeolin Education, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp.257-277, 2014.