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디지털 시대 청소년의 외로움, 스트레스, 스마트폰 중독의 영향관계

The Relationship among Loneliness, Stress, and Smartphone Addiction of Adolescents in the Era of Digitalization

  • 김지영 (창원문성대학교 간호과)
  • 투고 : 2017.07.25
  • 심사 : 2017.09.20
  • 발행 : 2017.09.28

초록

다수 연구들에서는 외로움을 많이 느끼는 청소년들은 스트레스를 더 받으며, 그들은 외로움과 스트레스를 달래기 위하여 쉽게 스마트폰 중독에 빠짐을 제시하고 있다. 또한, 관련 연구들은 청소년들의 스마트폰 중독이 청소년들에게 정신적으로 부정적인 영향들을 미치고 있음을 규명하고 있다. 이와 같은 연구주제들과 관련하여, 본 연구는 청소년들의 외로움, 스트레스, 스마트폰 중독의 영향관계를 규명하고자 하였다. 본 연구주제들을 규명하기 위하여, 본 연구는 실증분석을 위한 청소년들을 대상으로 설문조사를 2017년 4월 1일부터 4월 15일 동안 실시하였다. 총 356명이 설문조사에 참가하였으며, 이 가운데 327명의 설문조사 내용을 본 연구의 실증분석의 자료로 활용하였다. 본 연구의 실증분석 결과, 스마트폰 중독의 4개 하부 요인들인 일상생활 장애, 가상세계 지향, 금단, 내성이 모두가 청소년들이 지각하고 있는 외로움과 스트레스의 영향관계를 매개하는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구의 실증분석 결과는 청소년들의 스마트폰 중독은 청소년들의 정신적 건강, 특히 외로움과 스트레스에 부정적인 결과를 가져오는 것으로 나타났다.

키워드

외로움;스트레스;스마트폰 중독;매개효과;정신건강

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