The Relationship among Loneliness, Stress, and Smartphone Addiction of Adolescents in the Era of Digitalization

디지털 시대 청소년의 외로움, 스트레스, 스마트폰 중독의 영향관계

  • 김지영 (창원문성대학교 간호과)
  • Received : 2017.07.25
  • Accepted : 2017.09.20
  • Published : 2017.09.28


Several studies have suggested that lonely adolescents showed higher increases in stress and they easily addicted smartphone utilization for comforting loneliness and stress. Studies, moreover, have claimed that smartphone addiction has negative effects on mental health of adolescents. To contribute to knowledge on these topics, this study is to investigate to the relationship among adolescents' loneliness, stress, and smartphone addiction. To identify test subjects, the study conducted a survey that collected data from Korean adolescents, and the survey of this study was completed between April 1, 2017 and April 15, 2017. A total of 356 adolescents completed the survey, and the final data of empirical test of the study was 327. The empirical results demonstrate that the relationship between loneliness and stress of adolescents is mediated by four sub-factors of smartphone addiction such as difficulty of daily life, directivity of virtual life, withdrawal symptom, and tolerance. The results indicated that a smartphone addiction risk of adolescents was negatively related to their mental health, especially loneliness and stress.


Loneliness;Stress;Smartphone Addition;Mediation Effect;Mental Health


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