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The Effects of Foot-Reflexology Massage on Sleep, Depression, & Constipation in Community-Dwelling Elders

발-반사 마사지가 지역사회 재가노인의 수면, 우울 및 변비에 미치는 효과

  • Received : 2017.06.22
  • Accepted : 2017.09.20
  • Published : 2017.09.28

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the foot-reflexology massage on sleep, depression and constipation in community-dwelling elders. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was conducted. Participants were 46 old adults, aged >65 years who were recruited from two senior welfare centers in D metropolitan city (experimental group=24, control group=22). The intervention was conducted in 10 sessions over 2 weeks, taking 20 min per session. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2-test$, independent t-test, and Pearson correlation coefficient with the SPSS 22.0 Windows program. Results: The experimental group showed significant improvements in sleep (t=-5.60, p<.001), depression (t=3.93, p<.001), and constipation (t=4.90, p<.001) after 2 weeks of the foot-reflexology massage. Conclusion: These findings indicate that the foot-reflexology massage is an effective intervention program for improving sleep, depression and constipation of old adults.

Keywords

Foot-reflexology massage;Sleep;Depression;Constipation;Aged

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