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The Moderating Effects of Birth Rate Policies between Korean Women's Values of Children and Their Intentions for Subsequent Childbirth

기혼여성의 자녀가치관과 추가출산의향 간의 관계에서 출산장려정책의 조절효과 분석

  • Lee, Wan (Department of Public Administration, Gachon University) ;
  • Chae, Jae-Eun (Department of Public Administration, Gachon University)
  • 이완 (가천대학교 행정학과) ;
  • 채재은 (가천대학교 행정학과)
  • Received : 2017.07.31
  • Accepted : 2017.09.20
  • Published : 2017.09.28

Abstract

This study aims to analyze whether both childcare subsidy and childcare leave policies have moderating effects on the relationship between Korean women's value of children and their intentions for subsequent childbirth. The data are used from the 2015 National Survey on Fertility and Family Health and Welfare. Both hierarchical multiple regression analysis and moderated regression analysis are used for statistical analysis. The findings from the study are as follow. First, the ideal number of children, instrumental values, and emotional values have positive effects on the intentions for subsequent childbirth after controlling for background variables(level of education, income, age, and number of children). Second, childcare leave policy has no significant effect on the intentions for subsequent childbirth while childcare subsidy policy has the negative effect. Third, only childcare subsidy policy has moderating effects on the relationship between instrumental, emotional values, and the intentions for subsequent childbirth. These results suggest that policies enhancing the value of children should be implemented in addition to traditional birth rate policies. Furthermore, new birth rate polices are needed for those married women who have a high possibility of subsequent childbirth.

Keywords

Intention for subsequent childbirth;Value of children;Birth rate policies;Childcare subsidy;Childcare leave;Moderating effect

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