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중등 과학교사의 감정표현규칙과 감정노동 유형

Secondary School Science Teachers' Emotional Display Rules and Emotional Labor Types

  • 투고 : 2017.05.27
  • 심사 : 2017.07.27
  • 발행 : 2017.08.31

초록

본 연구에서는 중등 과학교사의 감정노동의 실태를 파악하고자 감정표현규칙, 감정노동 유형, 감정노동 사례, 과학 특정 감정표현규칙에 대해서 탐색하고자 하였다. 이를 위해 중등 과학교사를 대상으로 '과학교사 감정노동 설문지(TELSTS)'를 개발하여 145명의 설문응답 결과를 분석하였다. 분석 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 중등 과학교사들은 학교현장에서 과학교사로서 요구되거나 기대되는 감정표현규칙이 있다는 것에 동의하였으며, 특히 긍정적 감정표현규칙을 더 잘 인식하고 있었다. 둘째, 중등과학교사들은 자신들이 인식한 감정표현규칙을 지키기 위해 감정노동을 수행하고 있는 것으로 나타났으며 특히 내면행위에 대한 응답 평균값이 높았다. 집단별 차이를 보면 정교사 여부와 교직경력에 따라서 감정노동에 유의미한 차이를 보였다. 셋째, 과학교사의 특수성을 분석한 결과, 주로 실험지도와 과학의 객관적, 논리적 이미지와 관련되었으며, 74%의 응답이 부정적이거나 중립적인 감정표현규칙에 해당하였다. 마지막으로 본 연구결과가 과학교육에 주는 시사점을 논의하였다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국연구재단

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