DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Use of Dietary Supplements and Determinants of Taking Dietary Supplements by Gender in the Korean Population: Using the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009)

한국 성인의 성별에 따른 식이보충제 섭취 및 관련 요인에 대한 연구 -제 4기 국민건강영양조사(2007-2009) 자료를 이용하여

  • Lee, Yun Jung (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kang, Minji (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Paik, Hee Young (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Song, YoonJu (Major of Food and Nutrition, The Catholic University of Korea)
  • 이윤정 (서울대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 강민지 (서울대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 백희영 (서울대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 송윤주 (가톨릭대학교 생활과학부 식품영양학전공)
  • Received : 2017.06.20
  • Accepted : 2017.08.18
  • Published : 2017.08.31

Abstract

Objectives: Although dietary supplements use in Korea has been rapidly increasing and women are more likely to take dietary supplements more than men, only a few studies have been conducted to investigate factors contributing to gender differences in dietary supplement use in the Korean population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of dietary supplement use and also identify gender-specific key factors that contribute to it using the data of the 4th KNHANES. Methods: Subjects were divided into user and non-user groups according to the answer given to the question that asked whether they had used any dietary supplement for more than 2 weeks on a regular basis during the previous year. Factors related to dietary supplement use were examined by general characteristics, health behavior and eating behavior. Results: Prevalence of dietary supplement use was 13.6% for men and 20.6% for women. Users were more likely to be middle-aged, have higher income and education, have a spouse, or reside in dong areas in both men and women. Regarding health behaviors, men with desirable lifestyle behavior were more likely to take dietary supplements, while men who smoked were less likely to take dietary supplements. Regarding disease history, both men and women with a current disease had higher odds of taking supplements. With regard to dietary behavior, frequent eating out and nutrition attitude were associated with higher odds of taking supplements in both men and in women. Conclusions: Health or dietary behavior related factors that were associated with taking supplements differed by gender. These findings can be useful for planning gender-specific dietary education and health programs.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Catholic University of Korea

References

  1. Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. Statistic report of Health Functional Food. 2014 [updated 2014 Aug 06; cited 2017 May 15]; Available from: http://www.mfds.go.kr/index.do?mid=675&seq=24741
  2. Lee YO, Song YJ. Sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, and nutrient intake by taking vitamin/mineral supplements. J Korean Soc Diet Cult 2010; 25(4):480-486.
  3. Kim SH, Han JH, Kim WY. Health functional food use and related variables among the middle-aged in Korea. J Nutr Health 2010; 43(3):294-303. https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2010.43.3.294
  4. Radimer K, Bindewald B, Hughes J, Ervin B, Swanson C, Picciano MF. Dietary supplement use by US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000. Am J Epidemiol 2004; 160(4):339-349. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwh207
  5. Bailey RL, Gahche JJ, Miller PE, Thomas PR, Dwyer JT. Why US adults use dietary supplements. JAMA 2013; 173(5):355-361.
  6. Bailey RL, Fulgoni VL, Keast DR, Dwyer JT. Dietary supplement use is associated with higher intakes of minerals from food sources. Am J Clin Nutr 2011; 94(5):1376-1381. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.020289
  7. Bailey RL, Fulgoni VL, Keast DR, Dwyer JT. Examination of vitamin intakes among US adults by dietary supplement use. J Acad Nutr Diet 2012; 112(5):657-663. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2012.01.026
  8. Reinert A, Rohrmann S, Becker N, Linseisen J. Lifestyle and diet in people using dietary supplements: A German cohort study. Eur J Nutr 2007; 46(3):165-173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-007-0650-2
  9. McNaughton SA, Mishra GD, Paul AA, Prynne CJ, Wadsworth MEJ. Supplement use is associated with health status and healthrelated behaviors in the 1946 British birth cohort. J Nutr 2005; 135(7):1782-1789. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/135.7.1782
  10. Giammarioli S, Boniglia C, Carratu B, Ciarrocchi M, Chiarotti F, Mosca M et al. Use of food supplements and determinants of usage in a sample Italian adult population. Public Health Nutr 2013; 16(10):1768-1781. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012004314
  11. Dickinson A, MacKay D. Health habits and other characteristics of dietary supplement users: a review. Nutr J 2014; 13(1):14. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-13-14
  12. Satia-Abouta J, Kristal AR, Patterson RE, Littman AJ, Stratton KL, White E. Dietary supplement use and medical conditions: The VITAL study. Am J Prev Med 2003; 24(1):43-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00571-8
  13. Story M, Kaphingst KM, Robinson-O'Brien R, Glanz K. Creating healthy food and eating environments: Policy and environmental approaches. Annu Rev Public Health 2008; 29(1):253-272. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.29.020907.090926
  14. Lentjes MA, Welch AA, Keogh RH, Luben RN, Khaw KT. Opposites don't attract: high spouse concordance for dietary supplement use in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer in Norfolk (EPIC-Norfolk) cohort study. Public Health Nutr 2015; 18(6):1060-1066. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980014001396
  15. Ishihara J, Sobue T, Yamamoto S, Sasaki S, Tsugane S. Demographics, lifestyles, health characteristics, and dietary intake among dietary supplement users in Japan. Int J Epidemiol 2003; 32(4):546-553. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyg091
  16. Pouchieu C, Andreeva VA, Peneau S, Kesse-Guyot E, Lassale C, Hercberg S et al. Sociodemographic, lifestyle and dietary correlates of dietary supplement use in a large sample of French adults: results from the NutriNet-Sante cohort study. Br J Nutr 2013; 110(8):1480-1491. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114513000615