Overview of Coffee Waste and Utilization for Biomass Energy Production in Vietnam

  • Thriveni, Thenepalli (Hanil Cement) ;
  • Kim, Minsuk (Carbon Mineralization Center, Korea Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)) ;
  • Whan, Ahn Ji (Carbon Mineralization Center, Korea Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources (KIGAM))
  • Received : 2017.02.10
  • Accepted : 2017.03.02
  • Published : 2017.03.31


In this paper, the carbon resources recycling of the overview of coffee waste generation in Vietnam. Since few years, there has been a significant research studies was done in the areas of coffee waste generation areas and also waste water generation from coffee production. The coffee residue (solid) and waste water (liquid) both are caused the underground water contamination and also soil contamination. These residues contain high organic matter and acid content leads to the severe threat to environment. In second stage of coffee production process, the major solid residue was generated. Various solid residues such as spent coffee grounds, defective coffee beans and coffee husks) pose several environmental concerns and specific problems associated with each type of residue. Due to the unlimited usage of coffee, the waste generation is high. At the same time, some researchers have been investigated the spent coffee wastes are the valuable sources for various valuable compounds. Biodiesel or biomass productions from coffee waste residues are the best available utilization method for preventing the landfill problems of coffee waste residues.


Supported by : Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning


  1. Dan Bolton, Arabica in 2050, Stir web news, 2016, 1. ( /features/Arabica-in-2050/).
  2. Michael Renner, Coffee production near record levels, sustainable share rising, World watch institute web news, 2014, 1.
  3. Christopher Woody, El Nino related weather conditions could endanger coffee crops around the world and drive up prices, Business insider web news, 2015, 1.
  4. Nguyen Thi Huong, Tran Quoc Quan, Vietnam, 2012 Coffee Annual, GAIN Report VN2025, 2012.
  5. Solange, I.M, Ercilia, M.S.M., Silvia, M., Jose, A.T., 2011, Production, composition, and application of coffee and its industrial residues, Food Bioprocess Technology, Vol. 4, pp.661-672.
  6. Beyene, A., Kassahun, Y., Addis, T., Assefa, F., Amsalu, A., Legesse, W., Kloos, H., Triest, L., 2011, The impacts of traditional coffee processing on river water quality in Ethiopia and the urgency of adopting sound environmental practices. J Environ Monit Assess., Vol.184, pp. 7053-63.
  7. Mwaura, P.K., Mburu, J.K., 1998, Effect of wet processing of coffee on river water quality. Kenya Coffee, Vol.63, pp. 2779-87.
  8. Varunprasath, K., Daniel, N.A., 2010, Physicochemical parameters of river Bhavani in three stations, Tamilnadu, India, Iranica J Energy Environ, Vol.1, pp. 321-25.
  9. Haddis, A., Devi, R., 2008, Effect of effluent generated from coffee processing plant on the water bodies and human health in its vicinity, J Hazard Mater., Vol.152, pp. 259-62.
  10. Beyene, A., 2010, Development and validation of ecological water quality monitoring tools for river systems of Ethiopia, VUB Press, Brussels.
  11. Jan C. von Enden, 2013, Treatment of wastewater Treatment of wastewater from Arabica coffee processing presentation, PPP Project PPP Project Improvement of Coffee Quality and Sustainability of Coffee Production in Vietnam, pp. 1-13.
  12. Pandey, A., Soccol, C.R., Nigam, P., Brand, D., Mohan, R., Roussos, S., 2000, Biotechnological potential of coffee pulp and coffee husk for bioprocesses, Biochem. Eng. J., Vol.6, pp.153-62.
  13. Matos, A.T., Fia, R.F., Luiz, F.A.R., Caracteristicas rastreaveis dos sistemas de tratamento de aguas residuarias geradas no processamento de frutos do cafeeiro. In: L.Zambolim, (Org.). Rastreabilidade para a cadeia produtiva do cafe, Visconde do Rio Branco: Suprema Grafica e Editora, pp. 321-77.
  14. Chapman, C., 1996. Water quality assessments. A guide to the use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring, Chapman and Hill, London, United Kingdom.
  15. De Matos, T.A., Lo Monaco, P.A., Pinto, A.B., Fia. R., Fukunaga, D.C., 2001, Pollutant potential of wastewater of the coffee fruits processing, Federal University of Vicosa, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Vicosa - MG, Brazil,
  16. INEP-Karnataka, Bioreactors for clean coffee effluents reducing water pollution in western ghat with appropriate technology solutions, and http://www.inepkarnataka. 2001.
  17. Deepa, G.B., Chanakya, H.N., de Alwis, A.A.P., Manjunath, G.R., Devi, V., 2002, Overcoming pollution of lakes and water bodies due to coffee pulping activities with appropriate technology solutions. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Conservation, Restoration and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science (IIS) and the Karnataka Environment Research Foundation [KERF].
  18. Enden, J.C., Calvert, K.C., 2002, Limit environmental damage by basic knowledge of coffee waste waters, GTZ-PPP Project-improvement of coffee quality and sustainability of coffee production in Vietnam,
  19. Ministry of Industry and Trade General Directorate of Energy Presentation, Vietnam energy policy, IEEJ August, 2015.
  20. Dagmar Zwebe, Biomass Business Opportunities Viet Nam, SNV Netherlands Development Organization Vietnam, March 2012, pp.1-85.
  21. Nguyen Duc Cuong, (a) Identification of biomass market opportunities in Vietnam. Berlin: Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, 2011
  22. Nguyen Duc Cuong, (b) Exploring Biogas Market Opportunities in Vietnam. Berlin: Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (2011).
  23. Nguyen Dang Anh Thi, 2015, Production and utilization of biomass pellet in Vietnam, International Renewable Energy Asia Conference 2015 ASEAN Renewable Energy Market Development under Energy Price Volatility, pp. 1-14.