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Corona Discharge Characteristics and Particle Losses in a Unipolar Corona-needle Charger Obtained through Numerical and Experimental Studies

  • Intra, Panich (Research Unit of Applied Electric Field in Engineering (RUEE), College of Integrated Science and Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology Lanna) ;
  • Yawootti, Artit (Research Unit of Applied Electric Field in Engineering (RUEE), College of Integrated Science and Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology Lanna) ;
  • Rattanadecho, Phadungsak (Center of Excellence in Electromagnetic Energy Utilization in Engineering (CEEE), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University)
  • Received : 2016.09.06
  • Accepted : 2017.06.10
  • Published : 2017.09.01

Abstract

In this paper, the unipolar corona-needle charger was developed and its capabilities were both numerically and experimentally investigated. The experimental corona discharges and particle losses in the charger were obtained at different corona voltage, aerosol flow rate and particle diameter for positive and negative coronas. Inside the charger, the electric field and charge distribution and the transport behavior of the charged particle were predicted by a numerical simulation. The experimental results yielded the highest ion number concentrations of about $1.087{\times}10^{15}ions/m^3$ for a positive corona voltage of about 3.2 kV, and $1.247{\times}10^{16}ions/m^3$ for a negative corona voltage of about 2.9 kV, and the highest $N_it$ product for positive and negative coronas was found to about $7.53{\times}10^{13}$ and $8.65{\times}10^{14}ions/m^3$ s was occurred at the positive and negative corona voltages of about 3.2 and 2.9 kV, respectively, and the flow rate of 0.3 L/min. The highest diffusion loss was found to occur at particles with diameter of 30 nm to be about 62.50 and 19.33 % for the aerosol flow rate of 0.3 and 1.5 L/min, respectively, and the highest electrostatic loss was found to occur at particles with diameters of 75 and 50 nm to be about 86.29 and 72.92 % for positive and negative corona voltages of about 2.9 and 2.5 kV, respectively. The numerical results for the electric field distribution and the charged particles migration inside the charger were used to guide the description of the electric field and the behavior of charged particle trajectories to improve the design and refinement of a unipolar corona-needle charger that otherwise could not be seen from the experimental data.

Keywords

Corona discharge;Particle charging;Aerosol charger;Numerical simulation

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Thailand Research Fund (TRF)

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