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Analysis on the Operation of a Charging Station with Battery Energy Storage System

  • Zhu, Lei (School of Economics and Business Administration, Chongqing University) ;
  • Pu, Yongjian (School of Economics and Business Administration, Chongqing University)
  • Received : 2017.04.19
  • Accepted : 2017.05.28
  • Published : 2017.09.01

Abstract

Fossil oil, as the main energy of transportation, is destined to be exhausted. The electrification of transportation is a sustainable solution to the energy crisis, since electric power could be acquired from the inexhaustible sun, wind and water. Among all the problems that hinder the development of Electric Vehicle (EV) industry, charging issue might be the most prominent one. In this paper, the service process of a charging station with Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) is analyzed by means of $Cram{\acute{e}}r$ - Lundberg model which has been intensively utilized in ruin theory. The service quality is proposed in two dimensions: the service efficiency and the service reliability. The arrival rate and State of Charge (SOC) upon arrival are derived from 2009 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). The simulations are performed to show how the service quality is determined by the system parameters such as the number of servers, the service rate, the initial capacity, the charge rate and the maximum waiting time. At last, the economic analysis of the system is conducted and the best combination of the system parameters are given.

Keywords

Battery energy storage system;Charging station;$Cram{\acute{e}}r-Lundberg$ model;Electric vehicle;Queueing theory

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China

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