The Convergent Effect of Self-esteem, Depression, and Social support on Suicidal ideation in University Students

대학생의 자아존중감, 우울, 사회적 지지가 자살사고에 미치는 융복합적 영향

  • Received : 2017.07.01
  • Accepted : 2017.08.20
  • Published : 2017.08.28


The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of self-esteem, depression, and social support on suicidal ideation in university students. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 220 university students from September to November 2015. The study instruments comprised self-esteem, depression, social support, and suicidal ideation. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression using SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. The result showed that the difference of suicidal ideation by general characteristics was significant in major satisfaction(F=5.222, p=.006). The significant factors influencing suicidal ideation of university students were self-esteem(${\beta}=-0.227$, p=.004), depression(${\beta}=0.211$, p=.006), social support(${\beta}=-0.140$, p=.045), and with the explanation power of 21.9%. To decrease suicidal ideation of university students, it is necessary to develop a program increasing the self-esteem and managing the depression. The interest and social support of them will help the healthy promotion of university students.


University Students;Self-esteem;Depression;Social support;Suicidal ideation;Convergence


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