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The effects of pain, sleep, and depression on quality of life in elderly people with chronic pain

만성통증 노인의 통증, 수면 및 우울이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향

  • Choi, In Suk (Graduate School of Nursing, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Park, Kyungsook (Red-Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University)
  • 최인숙 (중앙대학교 일반대학원) ;
  • 박경숙 (중앙대학교 적십자간호대학)
  • Received : 2017.06.29
  • Accepted : 2017.08.20
  • Published : 2017.08.28

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of pain, sleep, and depression on quality of life in elderly patients with chronic pain. The subjects of this study were 170 elderly aged over 65 years. Data collected from July 1 to September 30 in 2016 at local community center were analysed by multiple regression. As a result, the pain, sleep, depression and quality of life of elderly significant difference by general characteristics and pain-related characteristics. In addition, In this study, the positive correlation between sleep (.471, p<.001) and quality of life, and negative correlation between quality of life and each of pain (-.332, p<0.001) and depression (-.720, p<0.001) were presented. The factors affecting the quality of life of the elderly with chronic pain were subjective health status (${\beta}=.236$, p=.001), depression diagnosis (${\beta}=.123$, p=.048), and depression (${\beta}=-.526$, p<.001), and depression related factors were most influential factor. Therefore, in order to improve the quality of life of elderly people with chronic pain, nursing and management programs should be prepared to reduce depression and pain.

Keywords

Elderly;Pain;Sleep;Depression;Quality of life

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