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Convergence Factors Influencing Body Image in Adolescents

청소년의 신체상에 영향을 미치는 융복합적 요인

  • Jung, Mi-Ra (Department of Nursing, Hanyeong College University) ;
  • Jeong, Eun (Department of Nursing, Gwangyang Health Sciences University)
  • 정미라 (한영대학 간호학과) ;
  • 정은 (광양보건대학 간호학과)
  • Received : 2017.06.26
  • Accepted : 2017.08.20
  • Published : 2017.08.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among BMI, perception of body shape, appearance stress, and self-perceived competence on body image and to identify the factors that influence on body image in the adolescents. The data were collected from 140 adolescents in the three middle school located J city using self-reported questionnaires and March 15 2017 to March 29 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with SPSS Statistics 20.0 program. Body image was found to be in a significant positive correlation with perception of body shape, appearance stress, and self-perceived competence. The result of the multiple regression indicates the self-perceived competence and gender predict 21%(F=10.25, p<.001) of body image. Therefore it is necessary to develop convergence self-perceived competence strategy program for establish right body image of adolescents.

Keywords

Body Image;BMI;Perception of Body Shape;Appearance Stress;Self-Perceived Competence

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