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경쟁가치모형에 따른 기업의 특허전략 유형화 연구

A Typology Study of Corporation Patent Strategy Using Competing Value Model

  • 투고 : 2017.03.20
  • 심사 : 2017.08.20
  • 발행 : 2017.08.28

초록

특허전략연구는 경영전략, 기술전략과 연계된 특허전략을 수립하고, 이를 구체화하기 위해 특허 Idea 발굴에서 출원 관리, 제품 및 개발과제의 조사/분석과 활용을 위한 라이선싱 등을 효율화하는 논의에 집중해 왔다. 그러나 수립된 특허 전략의 내재화 및 성과를 높이기 위한 기업 고유의 문화를 고려하거나 이를 반영한 특허전략 수립 연구는 매우 부족하였다. 그 결과 기업들은 업종과 조직문화가 고려되지 않은 일류 선진 기업의 특허전략을 자사 전략으로 모방하는 정도에 머물고 있었다. 이에 본 논문에서는 조직문화를 4개의 프레임워크로 구분하는 경쟁가치모형(Competing Value Model)을 바탕으로 기업의 특허전략 모형을 제안한다. 사례 연구를 통해 특허전략 유형을 검증하고 기업의 조직문화에 따른 적합한 특허전략을 제시한다. 본 연구는 특허전략에 대해 새로운 관점인 조직문화 이론을 바탕으로 논의하였다는 점과 실무적 활용성이 높은 전략모형을 제시한다는 점에서 의의를 가진다.

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