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A longitudinal study of adolescents' self-esteem and its related variables

청소년 자아존중감과 관련된 변인의 종단적 추이 분석

  • Park, Mi Jeong (Icheon office of education of Gyeonggi Province) ;
  • Yu, Nan Sook (Dept. of Home Economics Education, Research Institute for Human Ecology, Chonnam National University)
  • 박미정 (경기도이천교육지원청) ;
  • 유난숙 (전남대학교 가정교육과, 생활과학연구소)
  • Received : 2017.02.17
  • Accepted : 2017.06.27
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

This study investigated the influence of life satisfaction, accomplishment value, peer attachment, and relationship with teachers on the self-esteem of adolescents in three time points. The study population consisted of a nationally representative sample of middle school 1st grade students who completed the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS) of the National Youth Policy Institute in 2010, 2012, and 2014. Descriptive statistics used included frequency, percentage, average, and standard deviation; in addition, reliability, repeated measure ANOVA, and regression results were reported using SPSS statistics. The results were as follows. First, this study showed that the longitudinal changes of self-esteem, life satisfaction, accomplishment value, peer attachment, and relationship with teachers were significantly different across three time points. Second, longitudinal changes in adolescents' self-esteem, life satisfaction, peer attachment, and relationship with teachers differed by gender, but accomplishment value did not. Third, life satisfaction was the most influential to self-esteem and peer attachment was the second most influential in the three data sets after controlling for gender, parents' academic attainment, and residential area. The influence of life satisfaction on self-esteem decreased across the three time points, but that of peer attachment increased over time. Instruction on life satisfaction and peer attachment needs to be more highlighted in Home Economics classes to enhance the self-esteem of adolescents.

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