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Study on shipment time of low-temperature stored apple

저온저장 사과의 출하시기에 대한 실태조사 연구

  • Yu, Chang-Hwan (Agriculture Exports Division, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Yun-Ho (Extension Planning Division, Rural Development Administration)
  • 유창환 (농촌진흥청 수출농업지원과) ;
  • 김윤호 (농촌진흥청 지도정책과)
  • Received : 2017.04.21
  • Accepted : 2017.07.07
  • Published : 2017.07.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to assist farmers in determining the optimal time for the shipment of stored apples by investigating the market trends, storage status and release dates of low-temperature stored apples. We surveyed 300 apple cultivation farms in Daegu, Gyeongbuk Province, which is the main producer of apples, and examined the cultivars, cultivation areas, storage conditions, and shipment status of apples. The main results are as follows: the proportion of apples cultivatedat different ripening times was surveyed. According to the results, the proportions of early, middle and late varieties were 78.3%, 63.7% and 96.0%, respectively. Also, 48.7% of the farm households surveyed had cold storage facilities. The average storage cost per apple box(15kg) was 978.3 won for self-storage and 1,771.8 won for consignment storage. For the six(6) months between November and April, the proportion of shipped apples was 91.6% of the total stored apples. The (average total?)annual apple shipment, including apples stored in general storage warehouses, was 744.4 boxes. The (average total?) annual shipment of cold storage apples was 616 boxes. The stored apples were mainly shipped to 'wholesale markets', which have the highest sales share, followed by 'production site collectors' and then 'supermarkets'. The most common shipping method of the apples was by general trucks, followed by low-temperature trucks, and finally by delivery services. The analysis of the factors influencing the decision to release apples by period showed that it was affected by the storage cost, loss rate, and customary shipping in the off-season(from May to August). On the other hand, in the general release season(from November to April), the statistically significant decision factors for the release of apples were the future expected price, storage cost and decision of the leading farmer groups. For farmers with a high share of general shipment, the deciding factors for the release of apples were the future expected price, storage cost, high income expectation, and decision by leading farmers.

Keywords

Low-temperature stored apple;Optimal time for shipment;Storage condition;Off-season;General release season

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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