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Awareness of disaster and post traumatic stress disorder in occupational therapy students

재난 및 외상 후 스트레스장애에 대한 작업치료 전공자의 인식조사

  • Hong, Young-Ho (Department of Fire-fighting Safety Management, HyeJeon College) ;
  • Cho, Su-Bin (Occupational therapist, Chungnam National University Hospital)
  • 홍영호 (혜전대학교 소방안전관리과) ;
  • 조수빈 (충남대학교병원 작업치료실)
  • Received : 2017.04.26
  • Accepted : 2017.07.07
  • Published : 2017.07.31

Abstract

This study examined the perception of disasters and post-traumatic stress disorder in occupational therapy majors to provide the basic data necessary for future occupational therapy. A questionnaire survey was conducted on 545 students in occupational therapy departments of three year and four year universities. The frequency of the questionnaire was calculated by frequency analysis using the SPSS 19.0 win program. A chi-squared test was conducted to verify the analyzed questionnaire data. The reliability of the questionnaire in this study showed a Cronbach' alpha value of 0.891. According to the survey results, approximately 20% of learners who majored in occupational therapy were unaware of the symptoms, developmental mechanism, and diagnostic criteria of post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD). Knowledge of the underlying causes of psychological symptoms, such as post-traumatic stress disorder as well as physical damage through industrial accidents, was found to be 2.92 on the Likert 5-point scale. To be effective in rehabilitation treatment, the degree of the approach to education from the viewpoint of occupational therapy is important enough to be recognized as 3.90 on the Likert 5-point scale. The Pearson correlation coefficient for the need for education on disasters was higher than the correlation with the awareness of disasters.

Keywords

PTSD;Occupational therapy;Questionnaire survey;Industrial accidents;Rehabilitation treatment

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