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A Study on the Factors Effecting Performance and Correlation in Social Enterprises

사회적기업의 성과 영향요인과 상관관계에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Hee-Chul (Division of International Trade, Chungwoon University)
  • 김희철 (청운대학교 국제통상학과)
  • Received : 2017.06.19
  • Accepted : 2017.07.07
  • Published : 2017.07.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to empirically analyze factors which influence social and economic performance of social enterprises, and to examine the correlation of factors affecting social and economic performance. This study was conducted following the hypothesis that the organizational characteristics(organizational type, certification type, certification year, social service supply type, and external grants) of social enterprises affect social and economic performance, and that significant correlation exists between social and economic performance. This study collected the disclosure materials of 219 social enterprises certified between 2007- 2014 from the directory of the Korean Social Enterprise Promotion Agency. The study results are as follows: First, organizational characteristics affect social performance(i.e. jobs for the vulnerable classes). In addition, certification year and external grants had a positive effect on social performance. Second, the organizational characteristics affect the economic performance(i.e. sales), and certification year and external grants had a positive effect on economic performance. However, organizational type had a negative effect on the economic performance(i.e. sales). Third, analysis found a positive correlation of factors affecting social and economic performance. This study suggests the need to diversify support policies according to the number of authentication years in order to promote self-reliance and sustainability by maximizing the social and economic performance of social enterprises.

Keywords

Correlation of Social and Economic Performance;Economic Performance;Organizational Characteristics Factors;Social Enterprise;Social Performance

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 청운대학교

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