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The effect of perceived father communication, emotional expressiveness and gender identity on self-efficacy of nursing college female students

간호여대생의 지각된 부와의 의사소통, 부의 정서표현, 성정체성이 자기효능감에 미치는 영향

  • 강영숙 (부산여자대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2017.05.10
  • Accepted : 2017.07.07
  • Published : 2017.07.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the factors influencing perceived father communication, emotional expressiveness and gender identity on self-efficacy of female nursing college students. Data were collected from 270 female nursing students in B city, from May 23, 2016 to May 27 and then analyzed by ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression using SPSS/WIN 21.0. The degree of self-efficacy among female nursing students was $3.21{\pm}0.38$. There were significant differences in self-efficacy with respect to academic status(F=5.13, p=.006), relationship with father(F=4.74, p=.001), academic grade(F=5.22, p=.006), and gender satisfaction (F=4.00, p=.004). There were positive correlations between self-efficacy and open communication(r=.30, p<.001), self-efficacy and positive emotional expressiveness(r=.37, p<.001), and self-efficacy and gender identity(r=.26, p<.001), while there were negative correlations between self-efficacy and close communication(r=-22, p<.001), and self-efficacy and negative emotional expressiveness(r=-.26, p<.001). Regression analysis showed 18.2% variance in female nursing student's self-efficacy in response to positive emotional expressiveness, negative emotional expressiveness, and gender identity. Overall, the results of this study indicate that it is necessary to identify various factors affecting and increasing self-efficacy of female nursing college students.

Keywords

Communication;Emotional expressiveness;Gender identity;Nursing female student;Self-efficacy

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 부산여자대학

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