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The Influence of Spirituality, Meaning in Life and Hospice Perception on Attitudes towards Terminal Care in Nursing Students

간호대학생의 영성, 생의 의미, 호스피스 인식 정도가 임종간호태도에 미치는 영향

  • 심미경 (신성대학교 간호학부) ;
  • 박정모 (경인여자대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2017.05.01
  • Accepted : 2017.07.07
  • Published : 2017.07.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the spirituality, perceived meaning in life, hospice perception, and attitudes towards terminal care among nursing students, as well as to identify the relationships between variables and examine factors influencing their attitudes towards terminal care. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire completed by 308 nursing students at two universities from April 11, 2017 to April 17, 2017. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, a t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS/Win 14.0 program. Attitudes toward terminal care among nursing students were significantly correlated with hospice perception(r=0.30, p<0.001) and meaning in life(r=0.30, p<0.001). Meaning in life among nursing students was significantly correlated with hospice perception(r=0.25, p<0.01) and spirituality(r=0.53, p<0.01). The significant predictors of the attitudes towards terminal care in nursing students were hospice perception(${\beta}=0.40$, p<0.001) and meaning in life(${\beta}=0.27$, p<0.001). Hospice perception explained 22.7% and meaning in life explained 5.0% of the variance. These variables explained 27.7% of the variance in attitudes toward terminal care. Overall, these findings suggest that the terminal care education program, including hospice perception and meaning in life, is necessary to enhance the positive attitude toward terminal care among nursing students.

Keywords

Attitude;Hospice;Nursing students;Spirituality;Terminal care

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