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A study on the Fear of falling, Activity of daily living and Quality of life for the Elderly

노인의 낙상두려움, 일상생활수행능력과 삶의 질에 관한 연구 -낙상경험유무, 만성질환유무, 거주지역별 비교-

  • Kang, Ki-Seon (Department of Nursing, Cheju Halla University) ;
  • Yang, Ji (Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University)
  • 강기선 (제주한라대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 양지 (삼육대학교 물리치료학과)
  • Received : 2017.06.02
  • Accepted : 2017.07.07
  • Published : 2017.07.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for the development of fall prevention programs for the elderly and for improvement of quality of life based on history of falls, chronic diseases, location, fear of falling, daily living activities, and quality of life. This study was conducted from 15th August to 17th September of 2016 on 185 elderly subjects above the age of 65 living in four centers of J city and four centers of J rural. The results of this study are as follows: There were no statistically significant differences in daily living activities, fear of falls, and quality of life regarding falls in the past. There were statistically significant differences in fear of falling and quality of life regarding chronic diseases. There were statistically significant differences in daily living activities and quality of life regarding residence. This study confirms that there were relations among daily living activities, fear of falling, and quality of life, and there was a negative correlation between fear of falling and accomplishment of daily living activities(r=-.386, p<.000). There was also a positive correlation between accomplishment of daily living activities and quality of life(r=.513, p<.000). Therefore, avoiding outings on slippery roads and creating safe environments for the elderly are important to reduce fear of falling. Additionally, a system should be developed for the elderly to acquire necessary information for daily life.

Keywords

Activity of daily living(ADL);Fear of falling(FOF);History of chronic diseases;History of falls;Quality of life(QOL)

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