DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Earthquake characteristics on seismic progressive collapse potential in steel moment resisting frame

  • Tavakoli, Hamid R. (Department of Earthquake Engineering, Babol University and Technology) ;
  • Hasani, Amir H. (Department of Earthquake Engineering, Babol University and Technology)
  • Received : 2016.03.26
  • Accepted : 2017.05.02
  • Published : 2017.05.25

Abstract

According to the definition, progressive collapse could occur due to the initial partial failure of the structural members which by spreading to the adjacent members, could result in partial or overall collapse of the structure. Up to now, most researchers have investigated the progressive collapse due to explosion, fire or impact loads. But new research has shown that the seismic load could also be a factor for initiation of the progressive collapse. In this research, the progressive collapse capacity for the 5 and 15-story steel special moment resisting frames using push-down nonlinear static analysis, and nonlinear dynamic analysis under the gravity loads specified in the GSA Guidelines, were studied. After identifying the critical members, in order to investigate the seismic progressive collapse, the 5-story steel special moment resisting frame was analyzed by the nonlinear time history analysis under the effect of earthquakes with different characteristics. In order to account for the initial damage, one of the critical columns was weakened at the initiation of the earthquake or its Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA). The results of progressive collapse analyses showed that the potential of progressive collapse is considerably dependent upon location of the removed column and the number of stories, also the results of seismic progressive collapse showed that the dynamic response of column removal under the seismic load is completely dependent on earthquake characteristics like Arias intensity, PGA and earthquake frequency contents.

Keywords

progressive collapse;push-down nonlinear static analysis;nonlinear dynamic analysis;seismic load;earthquake frequency content;arias intensity

References

  1. Almusallam, T.H., Elsanadedy, H.M., Abbas, H., Alsayed, S.H. and Al-Salloum, Y.A. (2010), "Progressive collapse analysis of a RC building subjected to blast loads", Struct. Eng. Mech., 36(3), 301-319. https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2010.36.3.301
  2. Cakir, T. (2013), "Evaluation of the effect of earthquake frequency content on seismic behavior of cantilever retaining wall including soil-structure interaction", Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng., 45, 96-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2012.11.008
  3. Dassault Systems Abaqus analysis user's manual,V6. 13. (2010), Dassault Systemes Simulia Corp, Providence, RI 15.
  4. Department of Defense (DoD) (2009), Design of buildings to resist progressive collapse, (UFC 4-023-03) Washington DC.
  5. Fu, F. (2009), "Progressive collapse analysis of high-rise building with 3-D finite element modeling method", J. Constr. Steel Res., 65(6), 1269-1278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2009.02.001
  6. Gomez-Bernal, A., Lecea, M.A. and Juarez-Garcia, H. (2012), "Empirical attenuation relationship for Arias Intensity in Mexico and their relation with the damage potential", XVWCEE.
  7. GSA (2003), Progressive collapse analysis and design guidelines for new federal office buildings and major modernization projects, The US General Services Administration, Washington, DC.
  8. Hadidi, A., Jasour, R. and Rafiee, A. (2016), "On the progressive collapse resistant optimal seismic design of steel frames", Struct. Eng. Mech., 60(5), 761-779. https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2016.60.5.761
  9. Iranian Building Codes and Standards (2005), Iranian code of practice for seismic resistant design of buildings,Standard No. 2800, 3rd Ed., Building and Housing Research Center.
  10. Karimiyan, S., Kashan, A.H. and Karimiyan, M. (2014), "Progressive collapse vulnerability in 6-Story RC symmetric and asymmetric buildings under earthquake loads", Earthq. Struct., 6(5), 473-494. https://doi.org/10.12989/eas.2014.6.5.473
  11. Karimiyan, S., Moghadam, A.S. and Vetr, M.G. (2013), "Seismic progressive collapse assessment of 3-story RC moment resisting buildings with different levels of eccentricity in plan", Earthq. Struct., 5(3),277-296. https://doi.org/10.12989/eas.2013.5.3.277
  12. Khandelwal, K., El-Tawil, S. and Sadek, F. (2009), "Progressive collapse analysis of seismically designed steel braced frames", J. Constr. Steel Res., 65(3), 699-708. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2008.02.007
  13. Kianoush, M. and Ghaemmaghami, A. (2011), "The effect of earthquake frequency content on the seismic behavior of concrete rectangular liquid tanks using the finite element method incorporating soil-structure interaction", Eng. Struct., 33(7), 2186-2200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2011.03.009
  14. Kim, J. and Kim, T. (2009), "Assessment of progressive collapseresisting capacity of steel moment frames", J. Constr. Steel Res., 65(1), 169-179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2008.03.020
  15. Kim, J., Choi, H. and Min K.W. (2011), "Use of rotational friction dampers to enhance seismic and progressive collapse resisting capacity of structures", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., 20(4), 515-537. https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.563
  16. Kim, J., Park, J. and Lee, T. (2011), "Sensitivity analysis of steel buildings subjected to column loss", Eng. Struct., 33(2), 421-432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.10.025
  17. Kramer, S.L. (1996), Geotechnical earthquake engineering, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall.
  18. Lu, X., Lu, X., Guan, H. and Ye, L. (2013), "Collapse simulation of reinforced concrete high-rise building induced by extreme earthquakes", Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 42(5),705-723. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.2240
  19. Lu, X., Lu, X., Guan, H., Zhang, W. and Ye, L. (2013), "Earthquake-induced collapse simulation of a super-tall megabraced frame-core tube building", J. Constr. Steel Res., 82, 59-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2012.12.004
  20. NIST (2007), Best practices for reducing the potential for progressive collapse in buildings, The U. S. National Institute of Standard and Technology.
  21. Parsaeifard, N. and Nateghi, A.F. (2012), "The effect of local damage on energy absorption of steel frame buildings during earthquake", Int. J. Eng. Trans. B: Appl., 26(2), 143-152.
  22. Sadek, F., Main, J., Lew, H.S., Robert, S., Chiarito, V. and Tawil, Sh. (2010), "An experimental and computational study of steel moment connections under a column removal scenario", US Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology.
  23. Starossek, U. (2007), "Typology of progressive collapse", Eng. Struct., 29(9), 2302-2307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2006.11.025
  24. Sun, R., Huang, Z. and Burgess, I.W. (2012), "Progressive collapse analysis of steel structures under fire conditions", Eng. Struct., 34, 400-413. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2011.10.009
  25. Takewaki, I., Murakami, S., Fujita, K., Yoshitomi, S. and Tsuji, M. (2011), "The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku earthquake and response of high-rise buildings under long-period ground motions", Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng., 31(11), 1511-1528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2011.06.001
  26. Tavakoli, H.R. and Akbarpoor, S. (2014), "Effect of brick infill panel on the seismic safety of reinforced concrete frames under progressive collapse", Comput. Concrete, 13(6), 749-764. https://doi.org/10.12989/cac.2014.13.6.749
  27. Tavakoli, H.R. and Rashidi, A.A. (2013), "Evaluation of progressive collapse potential of multi-story moment resisting steel frame buildings under lateral loading", Scientia Iranica, 20(1), 77-86.
  28. Tavakoli, H.R. and Kiakojouri, F. (2012), "Assessment of earthquake-induced progressive collapse in steel moment frames", 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal, September.
  29. Tavakoli, H.R. and Kiakojouri, F. (2013), "Influence of sudden column loss on dynamic response of steel moment frames under blast loading", Int. J. Eng. Trans. B: Appl., 26(2), 197-205.
  30. Tavakoli, H.R. and Kiakojouri, F. (2014), "Progressive collapse of framed structures: Suggestions for robustness assessment", Scientia Iranica. Trans. A, Civ. Eng., 21(2), 329-338.
  31. Tavakoli, H.R. and Kiakojouri, F. (2015), "Threat-independent column removal and fire-induced progressive collapse: Numerical study and comparison", Civ. Eng. Infrastruct. J., 48(1), 121-131.
  32. Tavakoli, H.R., Naghavi, F. and Goltabar, A. (2015), "Effect of base isolation systems on increasing the resistance of structures subjected to progressive collapse", Earthq. Struct., 9(3), 639-656. https://doi.org/10.12989/eas.2015.9.3.639
  33. Travasarou, T., Bray, J. and Abrahamson, N. (2003), "Empirical attenuation relationship for Arias intensity", Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 32(7), 1133-1155. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.270
  34. Tsai, M.H. and Lin, B.H. (2008), "Investigation of progressive collapse resistance and inelastic response for an earthquakeresistant RC building subjected to column failure", Eng. Struct., 30(12), 3619-3628. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2008.05.031
  35. Tso, W.K., Zhu, T.J. and Heidebrecht, A.C. (1992), "Engineering implications of ground motion A/V ratio", Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng., 11(3), 133-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/0267-7261(92)90027-B
  36. Usmani, A., Roben, C. and Al-Remal, A. (2009), "A very simple method for assessing tall building safety in major fires", Int. J. Steel Struct., 9(1), 17-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03249476
  37. Wibowo, H. and Lau, D.T. (2009), "Seismic progressive collapse: qualitative point of view", Civ. Eng. Dimension, 11(1), 8-14.